Mental Health of Elders in Retirement Communities: Is Loneliness a Key Factor?

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/150871
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Mental Health of Elders in Retirement Communities: Is Loneliness a Key Factor?
Abstract:
Mental Health of Elders in Retirement Communities: Is Loneliness a Key Factor?
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2011
Author:Bekhet, Abir K., PhD, RN, HSMI
P.I. Institution Name:Marquette University
Title:Assistant Professor
Co-Authors:Jaclene A. Zauszniewski PhD, RN-BC, FAAN, Associate Dean for Doctoral Education
[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Research Presentation] Background and significance: The prevalence of loneliness in older adults is estimated to be 40%.  Loneliness is manifested by intense feelings of emptiness and abandonment and can lead to depression and suicide.  Purpose: The purpose of this secondary analysis was to describe the frequency of occurrence of loneliness among elders who relocated to retirement communities (RCs) and to determine whether elderly men differ from elderly women in reporting loneliness.  We also investigated whether lonely elders differed from non-lonely elders on resourcefulness skills, perceived health, chronic conditions, and functional status Theoretical framework: The "Model of Depression and Loneliness" proposes that there are four types of barriers that influence loneliness, which, in turn, will affect depression. Methods:  A descriptive, comparative, and correlational design was used to examine hypothesized relationships among the study variables using psychometrically sound measures. The sample consisted of 314 residents who were recruited from 29 RCs in Northeast OH. Results: indicated that 30% of the women and 25% of the men reported feeling lonely.  Lonely elders exhibited more anxiety (t (1,312) = -3.93, p < .001), more depressive symptoms (t (1,312) = -5.19, p < .001), and less resourcefulness (t (1,312) = 2.10, p = .04) than non-lonely elders.  Similarly, lonely women were more anxious (t (1,248) = -3.59, p < .001), had more depressive symptoms (t (1,248) = -5.06, p < .001), and less resourcefulness (t (1,248) = 2.05, p = .04) than non-lonely women.  No significant differences were found between those who reported loneliness and those who reported no loneliness on the measure of perceived overall health, functional status, and chronic conditions. Conclusion: The findings provide evidence of the impact of loneliness in retirement communities on mental health outcomes and recommendations for developing loneliness intervention programs such as cognitive therapy, teaching adaptive coping strategies, and modifying interpersonal orientation.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleMental Health of Elders in Retirement Communities: Is Loneliness a Key Factor?en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/150871-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Mental Health of Elders in Retirement Communities: Is Loneliness a Key Factor?</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2011</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Bekhet, Abir K., PhD, RN, HSMI</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Marquette University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">abir.bekhet@marquette.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Jaclene A. Zauszniewski PhD, RN-BC, FAAN, Associate Dean for Doctoral Education</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Research Presentation] Background and significance: The prevalence of loneliness in older adults is estimated to be 40%. &nbsp;Loneliness is manifested by intense feelings of emptiness and abandonment and can lead to depression and suicide.&nbsp;&nbsp;Purpose:&nbsp;The purpose of this secondary analysis was to describe the frequency of occurrence of loneliness among elders who relocated to retirement communities (RCs) and to determine whether elderly men differ from elderly women in reporting loneliness. &nbsp;We also investigated whether lonely elders differed from non-lonely elders on resourcefulness skills, perceived health, chronic conditions, and functional status Theoretical framework: The &quot;Model of Depression and Loneliness&quot; proposes that there are four types of barriers that influence loneliness, which, in turn, will affect depression. Methods:&nbsp;&nbsp;A descriptive, comparative, and correlational design was used to examine hypothesized relationships among the study variables using psychometrically sound measures. The sample consisted of 314 residents who were recruited from 29 RCs in Northeast OH. Results:&nbsp;indicated that 30% of the women and 25% of the men reported feeling lonely.&nbsp; Lonely elders exhibited more anxiety (t (1,312) = -3.93, p &lt; .001), more depressive symptoms (t (1,312) = -5.19, p &lt; .001), and less resourcefulness (t (1,312) = 2.10, p = .04) than non-lonely elders.&nbsp; Similarly, lonely women were more anxious (t (1,248) = -3.59, p &lt; .001), had more depressive symptoms (t (1,248) = -5.06, p &lt; .001), and less resourcefulness (t (1,248) = 2.05, p = .04) than non-lonely women.&nbsp; No significant differences were found between those who reported loneliness and those who reported no loneliness on the measure of perceived overall health, functional status, and chronic conditions. Conclusion:&nbsp;The findings provide evidence of the impact of loneliness in retirement communities on mental health outcomes and recommendations for developing loneliness intervention programs such as cognitive therapy, teaching adaptive coping strategies, and modifying interpersonal orientation.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:45:11Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:45:11Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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