Cognitive Impairment, Functional Dependency, Depression and Gait Characteristics in Elderly People

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/150883
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Cognitive Impairment, Functional Dependency, Depression and Gait Characteristics in Elderly People
Abstract:
Cognitive Impairment, Functional Dependency, Depression and Gait Characteristics in Elderly People
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2011
Author:Delabra Salinas, Maria Magdalena, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Universidad Autonoma de Coahuila
Title:Associate Professor
Co-Authors:Maria de los Angeles Villarreal Reyna PhD, Associate Professor
Ana Laura Carrillo Cervantes RN, RN
Marina Lilia Carrillo Mendoza RN, Associate Professor
Wendy Juana Maria Garcia Meza, Assistant research associate
[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Research Presentation] Purpose: To determine the prevalence and relation between cognitive impairment (CI), functional dependency, symptoms of depression and, gait characteristics in Elderly People (EP). Methods: Correlational descriptive design. Sample was composed with105 EP over 60 years old or more, users of Care and Family Integration Centers (CFIC) in Saltillo, Coahuila city; selected by convenience. The sample size was determined according the analysis of the bivariate correlation, significance level of 0.5 and potency of 95%. A charter of socio-demographic characteristics was used along with 5 instruments: Minimental State Examination (MMS-E), Basic Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) scales, Yesavage Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), and Tinetti Assessment Tool (TAT) with alphas of .089, 0.730, 0.765, 0.720 and 0.811 respectively.  Results: CI prevalence 24%; severe dependence on ADL 5.7% and IADL 21.9%; depression 31%. The oldest EP with lower education reported a higher grade of CI (r=0.251 p<.05; r= -.259; p<.05, respectively) and are more dependent in ADL (r=.297; p<.05) and AIVD (r=.351; p<.05).  Also, the EP with highest functional dependency in ADL and AIDL report depression (r=.309; p<.05; r=.232; p<.05, respectively). At least, 30% of the EP in the sample presented difficulties to maintain balance and their equilibrium is unstable. In addition, the 60% presented difficulties to sit down because they have problems when measuring the distance between their own body and the chair; 29% of the individuals presented difficulties to raise their right foot completely. By decreasing the balance capacity in EP, decreases their gait ability (r=.755; p<.01). Conclusion: EP with CI presented functional dependency which yields the probability of manifest symptoms of depression. The EP participant reported difficulties in almost two gait patterns: balance and equilibrium. It is necessary to deepen in the study of the factors that affect the independence and mobility in EP.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleCognitive Impairment, Functional Dependency, Depression and Gait Characteristics in Elderly Peopleen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/150883-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Cognitive Impairment, Functional Dependency, Depression and Gait Characteristics in Elderly People</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2011</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Delabra Salinas, Maria Magdalena, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Universidad Autonoma de Coahuila</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">magda_1907@yahoo.com.mx</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Maria de los Angeles Villarreal Reyna PhD, Associate Professor<br/>Ana Laura Carrillo Cervantes RN, RN<br/>Marina Lilia Carrillo Mendoza RN, Associate Professor<br/>Wendy Juana Maria Garcia Meza, Assistant research associate</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Research Presentation] Purpose: To determine the prevalence and relation between cognitive impairment (CI), functional dependency, symptoms of depression and, gait characteristics in Elderly People (EP). Methods: Correlational descriptive design. Sample was composed with105 EP over 60 years old or more, users of Care and Family Integration Centers (CFIC) in Saltillo, Coahuila city; selected by convenience. The sample size was determined according the analysis of the bivariate correlation, significance level of 0.5 and potency of 95%. A charter of socio-demographic characteristics was used along with 5 instruments: Minimental State Examination (MMS-E), Basic Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) scales, Yesavage Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), and Tinetti Assessment Tool (TAT) with alphas of .089, 0.730, 0.765, 0.720 and 0.811 respectively.  Results: CI prevalence 24%; severe dependence on ADL 5.7% and IADL 21.9%; depression 31%. The oldest EP with lower education reported a higher grade of CI (r=0.251 p<.05; r= -.259; p<.05, respectively) and are more dependent in ADL (r=.297; p<.05) and AIVD (r=.351; p<.05).  Also, the EP with highest functional dependency in ADL and AIDL report depression (r=.309; p<.05; r=.232; p<.05, respectively). At least, 30% of the EP in the sample presented difficulties to maintain balance and their equilibrium is unstable. In addition, the 60% presented difficulties to sit down because they have problems when measuring the distance between their own body and the chair; 29% of the individuals presented difficulties to raise their right foot completely. By decreasing the balance capacity in EP, decreases their gait ability (r=.755; p<.01). Conclusion: EP with CI presented functional dependency which yields the probability of manifest symptoms of depression. The EP participant reported difficulties in almost two gait patterns: balance and equilibrium. It is necessary to deepen in the study of the factors that affect the independence and mobility in EP.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:45:31Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:45:31Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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