A Constructivist Approach to Dealing with a Global Health Issue: Developing Pain Knowledge

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/151013
Type:
Presentation
Title:
A Constructivist Approach to Dealing with a Global Health Issue: Developing Pain Knowledge
Abstract:
A Constructivist Approach to Dealing with a Global Health Issue: Developing Pain Knowledge
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2009
Author:Richards, Kandyce M., PhD, APN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Miami
Title:Research Assistant Professor
[Research Presentation] Introduction: As we near the end of this Decade of Pain Research, unrelieved pain remains a global health issue. Acknowledging pain as a multidimensional, subjective phenomenon that is best understood by the person experiencing it requires recognizing the person with pain as the most reliable source of information about pain, and as the expert in describing the experience of pain. Therefore, the constructivist paradigm is a well-suited research methodology to contribute to development of pain knowledge, since data generated from the emic perspective of the research continuum are grounded in experiential stories of the research participants. Purpose: The purpose of this qualitative research study was to describe common elements in the pain experience for patients representing a variety of pain problems relative to items on the inductively-derived Richards Assessment of Pain (RAP) instrument that were originally generated from patients' pain stories. Methods: Focus groups and individual interviews were conducted with participants who were experiencing acute, chronic and cancer pain, during which time the relevance of each instrument item to individual pain experiences was discussed. Results: Comparative analysis of transcribed interviews revealed that all items from the originally constructed instrument were conceptually relevant to the experience of pain in this study sample representing a variety of pain problems. Moreover, these data provided contextually-rich descriptions of experiential pain, underscoring the importance of this research methodology to developing pain knowledge. Conclusion: Study results provide directions for continued development of pain knowledge, including further testing of the RAP for purposes of establishing the instrument?s psychometric properties.  This will result in an instrument that not only represents the authentic experience of pain, but also one that will guide pain assessment for all patients with pain, subsequently inform a comprehensive plan of care for pain management, and ultimately improve patient outcomes globally.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleA Constructivist Approach to Dealing with a Global Health Issue: Developing Pain Knowledgeen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/151013-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">A Constructivist Approach to Dealing with a Global Health Issue: Developing Pain Knowledge</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Richards, Kandyce M., PhD, APN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Miami</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Research Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">krichards@miami.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] Introduction: As we near the end of this Decade of Pain Research, unrelieved pain remains a global health issue. Acknowledging pain as a multidimensional, subjective phenomenon that is best understood by the person experiencing it requires recognizing the person with pain as the most reliable source of information about pain, and as the expert in describing the experience of pain. Therefore, the constructivist paradigm is a well-suited research methodology to contribute to development of pain knowledge, since data generated from the emic perspective of the research continuum are grounded in experiential stories of the research participants. Purpose: The purpose of this qualitative research study was to describe common elements in the pain experience for patients representing a variety of pain problems relative to items on the inductively-derived Richards Assessment of Pain (RAP) instrument that were originally generated from patients' pain stories. Methods: Focus groups and individual interviews were conducted with participants who were experiencing acute, chronic and cancer pain, during which time the relevance of each instrument item to individual pain experiences was discussed. Results: Comparative analysis of transcribed interviews revealed that all items from the originally constructed instrument were conceptually relevant to the experience of pain in this study sample representing a variety of pain problems. Moreover, these data provided contextually-rich descriptions of experiential pain, underscoring the importance of this research methodology to developing pain knowledge. Conclusion: Study results provide directions for continued development of pain knowledge, including further testing of the RAP for purposes of establishing the instrument?s psychometric properties. &nbsp;This will result in an instrument that not only represents the authentic experience of pain, but also one that will guide pain assessment for all patients with pain, subsequently inform a comprehensive plan of care for pain management, and ultimately improve patient outcomes globally.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:49:20Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:49:20Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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