Merging Literacy with Computer Technology for Self-Managing Diet and Fluid Intake

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/151023
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Merging Literacy with Computer Technology for Self-Managing Diet and Fluid Intake
Abstract:
Merging Literacy with Computer Technology for Self-Managing Diet and Fluid Intake
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2009
Author:Welch, Janet L., DNS, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Indiana University
Title:Associate Professor & Chair
Co-Authors:Kay Connelly, PhD; Katie A. Siek, PhD; Josette Jones, RN, PhD, BC; Susan M. Perkins, PhD; Beenish Chaudry, MS; Janet Kain, MS; Linda Scott, MS; Kim Astroth, PhD; Seongkum Heo, PhD; Sue McManus, MSN; Jerry T. Mooney, MA; Cynthia S. Johnson, MA
[Research Presentation] Purpose: Individuals receiving hemodialysis self manage a complex and restrictive diet and fluid regimen. The ability to implement this dietary regimen requires the ability to read food labels, make conversions, and perform calculations. Past reports indicate, however, that a large number of US adults have difficulty reading. Additionally, about one-third of hemodialysis patients cannot perform simple calculations. We have been developing the Dietary Intake Monitoring Application (DIMA), an electronic self-monitoring program, for use on a personal digital assistant (PDA). Early development focused on computer literacy skills, information literacy skills, and the creation of an interface usable by individuals with varying degrees of visual acuity and manual dexterity. The purpose of this report is to describe how we merged numerical literacy skills (ability to calculate and reason numerically) and visual literacy skills (ability to understand graphs) into the final phase of designing the interface. Methods: We used a participatory design approach with 40 individuals who were receiving out-patient hemodialysis therapy at an urban, inner-city facility. Participants were middle-aged and 85% were African American. Results: Numerical literacy skills were integrated by the computation of real-time totals. Real-time, 24-hour totals allow individuals to see their intake relative to their dietary prescription for six main categories. Visual literacy skills were considered in design in two major ways. First, a graphical interface was designed to convey intake data over a 24-hour period that could be accurately interpreted by patients. Participants selected the graphical display they found easiest to interpret. Second, labels for the feedback graphs are displayed pictorially using objects easily understood by the patient group. Conclusion: The interface has been completed and a pilot study is currently in progress to obtain usability, feasibility, and preliminary efficacy information.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleMerging Literacy with Computer Technology for Self-Managing Diet and Fluid Intakeen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/151023-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Merging Literacy with Computer Technology for Self-Managing Diet and Fluid Intake</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Welch, Janet L., DNS, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Indiana University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor &amp; Chair</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">jwelch@iupui.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Kay Connelly, PhD; Katie A. Siek, PhD; Josette Jones, RN, PhD, BC; Susan M. Perkins, PhD; Beenish Chaudry, MS; Janet Kain, MS; Linda Scott, MS; Kim Astroth, PhD; Seongkum Heo, PhD; Sue McManus, MSN; Jerry T. Mooney, MA; Cynthia S. Johnson, MA</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] Purpose: Individuals receiving hemodialysis&nbsp;self manage a complex and restrictive diet and fluid regimen. The ability to implement this dietary regimen requires the ability to read food labels, make conversions, and perform calculations. Past reports indicate, however, that a large number of US adults have difficulty reading.&nbsp;Additionally, about one-third of hemodialysis patients cannot perform simple calculations. We have been developing the Dietary Intake Monitoring Application (DIMA), an electronic self-monitoring program, for use on a personal digital assistant (PDA). Early development focused on computer literacy skills, information literacy skills, and the creation of an interface usable by individuals with varying degrees of visual acuity and manual dexterity. The purpose of this report is to describe how we merged numerical literacy skills (ability to calculate and reason numerically) and visual literacy skills (ability to understand graphs) into the final phase of designing the interface. Methods: We used a participatory design approach with 40 individuals who were receiving out-patient hemodialysis therapy at an urban, inner-city facility. Participants were middle-aged and 85% were African American. Results: Numerical literacy skills were integrated&nbsp;by the computation of real-time totals. Real-time, 24-hour totals allow individuals to see their intake relative to their dietary prescription for six main categories. Visual literacy skills were considered in design in two major ways. First, a graphical interface was designed to convey intake data over a 24-hour period that could be accurately interpreted by patients. Participants selected the graphical display they found easiest to interpret. Second, labels for the feedback graphs are displayed pictorially using objects easily understood by the patient group. Conclusion: The interface has been completed and a pilot study is currently in progress to obtain usability, feasibility, and preliminary efficacy information.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:49:38Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:49:38Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.