"Breaking the Silence:" Latinas' Experiences with Substance Abuse, Intimate Partner Violence & Risks for HIV

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/151105
Type:
Presentation
Title:
"Breaking the Silence:" Latinas' Experiences with Substance Abuse, Intimate Partner Violence & Risks for HIV
Abstract:
"Breaking the Silence:" Latinas' Experiences with Substance Abuse, Intimate Partner Violence & Risks for HIV
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2007
Author:Vasquez, Elias, PhD, NP, FAAN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Miami
Title:Associate Dean of Community Affairs
Co-Authors:Rosa Maria Gonzalez, RN, MSN, MPH and Nilda (Nena) Peragallo, RN, DrPH, FAAN
[Research Presentation] Background: Hispanics report higher rates of drug and alcohol abuse (SAMSHA, 2005), Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) (Caetano, Field, Ramisetty-Mikler, McGrath, 2005) and sexual risk behaviors (CDC, 2006) when compared to Whites and other minority groups. Investigators involved in research with ethnic minorities have recommended that qualitative designs and methods such as focus groups be used to better explore culturally specific behaviors and phenomena (Lugo Steidel, Ikhlas, Lopez, Rahman & Teichman, 2002). Purpose: To explore the experiences that 18 to 60 year old Hispanic females in the U.S. have with substance abuse, violence and risky sexual behaviors. Design and Methods: Eight focus groups with a total of 82 Hispanic women between the ages of 18 and 60 were conducted by the same bilingual, bicultural facilitators. Focus groups were conducted in Spanish, audio-recorded, transcribed and translated. Six investigators reviewed the transcripts, making sure that each focus group was analyzed by two coders. Through content analyses major themes were identified. Results: One of the major themes that emerged is the role that ômachismo,ö the male sexual privilege and gender inequities, plays in placing women at risk for abuse and sexually transmitted diseases. Participants also stressed the need to ôbreak the silenceö of abuse by not tolerating abuse from their partners and teaching their children to have equitable relationships with the opposite gender. Psychological and ôintellectualö abuse also emerged as an often overlooked type of abuse that needs to be addressed. Other emerging themes include acculturation stress, the deterioration of traditional family values and their impact on Hispanic youth risk behavior (i.e. substance abuse and early sexual debut) and conflict with intimate partners and self-esteem. Conclusions: The results from this study describe important issues that need to be addressed when implementing interventions aiming to reduce health disparities among Hispanic women.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.title"Breaking the Silence:" Latinas' Experiences with Substance Abuse, Intimate Partner Violence & Risks for HIVen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/151105-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">&quot;Breaking the Silence:&quot; Latinas' Experiences with Substance Abuse, Intimate Partner Violence &amp; Risks for HIV</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Vasquez, Elias, PhD, NP, FAAN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Miami</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Dean of Community Affairs</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">epvasquez@miami.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Rosa Maria Gonzalez, RN, MSN, MPH and Nilda (Nena) Peragallo, RN, DrPH, FAAN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] Background: Hispanics report higher rates of drug and alcohol abuse (SAMSHA, 2005), Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) (Caetano, Field, Ramisetty-Mikler, McGrath, 2005) and sexual risk behaviors (CDC, 2006) when compared to Whites and other minority groups. Investigators involved in research with ethnic minorities have recommended that qualitative designs and methods such as focus groups be used to better explore culturally specific behaviors and phenomena (Lugo Steidel, Ikhlas, Lopez, Rahman &amp; Teichman, 2002). Purpose: To explore the experiences that 18 to 60 year old Hispanic females in the U.S. have with substance abuse, violence and risky sexual behaviors. Design and Methods: Eight focus groups with a total of 82 Hispanic women between the ages of 18 and 60 were conducted by the same bilingual, bicultural facilitators. Focus groups were conducted in Spanish, audio-recorded, transcribed and translated. Six investigators reviewed the transcripts, making sure that each focus group was analyzed by two coders. Through content analyses major themes were identified. Results: One of the major themes that emerged is the role that &ocirc;machismo,&ouml; the male sexual privilege and gender inequities, plays in placing women at risk for abuse and sexually transmitted diseases. Participants also stressed the need to &ocirc;break the silence&ouml; of abuse by not tolerating abuse from their partners and teaching their children to have equitable relationships with the opposite gender. Psychological and &ocirc;intellectual&ouml; abuse also emerged as an often overlooked type of abuse that needs to be addressed. Other emerging themes include acculturation stress, the deterioration of traditional family values and their impact on Hispanic youth risk behavior (i.e. substance abuse and early sexual debut) and conflict with intimate partners and self-esteem. Conclusions: The results from this study describe important issues that need to be addressed when implementing interventions aiming to reduce health disparities among Hispanic women.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:52:00Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:52:00Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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