Alcohol's Effects on HIV-Related Judgments and Behavioral Skills in the Laboratory

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/151127
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Alcohol's Effects on HIV-Related Judgments and Behavioral Skills in the Laboratory
Abstract:
Alcohol's Effects on HIV-Related Judgments and Behavioral Skills in the Laboratory
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2008
Author:Champion, Jane Dimmitt, PhD, FNP, CS, FAAN
P.I. Institution Name:The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
Title:Professor
Co-Authors:Tina Zawacki, PhD
[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] Objectives: To reduce the incidence of sexual acquisition of HIV among young adults by delineating the mechanisms through which alcohol affects HIV-related behavioral skills. Experimental methods were used to investigate alcohol's effects on young adults' sexual decision-making and safer-sex negotiation skills during a face-to-face role-pay with an opposite-sex actor. Methods: Single Latina women (n=75) who were social drinkers, ages 21 to 35 (Mean age = 25.6 years, SD = 4.7) were recruited in San Antonio, Texas. Participants randomly assigned to either no alcohol or alcohol conditions engaged in a face-to-face role play condom negotiation with a male actor. After role-play, participants completed measures of HIV-relevant risk appraisal and sexual decision-making. Interactions were video recorded and coded for efficacy of safer-sex negotiation behavioral skills. Results: Participants reported role-play interactions were realistic and natural (means = 4.67, 4.86, SD's = 1.76, 1.80 respectively) and that their behavior and responses during the study were extremely accurate and honest (means = 6.34, 6.71, SD's = 0.93, 0.51 respectively). ANOVA found that compared to sober, intoxicated women (mean BAC = 0.073, SD = 0.01) were significantly more interested in having sex with their role-play partner, would feel less worried if condoms were not used, and would consider unprotected sex less irresponsible, F's (1,74) = 4.77, 4.20, 5.49, p's Conclusions: Analyses support the feasibility of using dyad interactions to investigate alcohol's impairment of safer-sex negotiation skills. Results hold implications for theories of alcohol's role in risk taking, and tailoring of prevention programs focusing on alcohol's involvement in HIV transmission.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleAlcohol's Effects on HIV-Related Judgments and Behavioral Skills in the Laboratoryen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/151127-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Alcohol's Effects on HIV-Related Judgments and Behavioral Skills in the Laboratory</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2008</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Champion, Jane Dimmitt, PhD, FNP, CS, FAAN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">dimmitt@uthscsa.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Tina Zawacki, PhD</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] Objectives: To reduce the incidence of sexual acquisition of HIV among young adults by delineating the mechanisms through which alcohol affects HIV-related behavioral skills. Experimental methods were used to investigate alcohol's effects on young adults' sexual decision-making and safer-sex negotiation skills during a face-to-face role-pay with an opposite-sex actor. Methods: Single Latina women (n=75) who were social drinkers, ages 21 to 35 (Mean age = 25.6 years, SD = 4.7) were recruited in San Antonio, Texas. Participants randomly assigned to either no alcohol or alcohol conditions engaged in a face-to-face role play condom negotiation with a male actor. After role-play, participants completed measures of HIV-relevant risk appraisal and sexual decision-making. Interactions were video recorded and coded for efficacy of safer-sex negotiation behavioral skills. Results: Participants reported role-play interactions were realistic and natural (means = 4.67, 4.86, SD's = 1.76, 1.80 respectively) and that their behavior and responses during the study were extremely accurate and honest (means = 6.34, 6.71, SD's = 0.93, 0.51 respectively). ANOVA found that compared to sober, intoxicated women (mean BAC = 0.073, SD = 0.01) were significantly more interested in having sex with their role-play partner, would feel less worried if condoms were not used, and would consider unprotected sex less irresponsible, F's (1,74) = 4.77, 4.20, 5.49, p's Conclusions: Analyses support the feasibility of using dyad interactions to investigate alcohol's impairment of safer-sex negotiation skills. Results hold implications for theories of alcohol's role in risk taking, and tailoring of prevention programs focusing on alcohol's involvement in HIV transmission.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:52:40Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:52:40Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.