Grandparents Raising Grandchildren: Results of a Pilot Study to Improve Health Status

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/151152
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Grandparents Raising Grandchildren: Results of a Pilot Study to Improve Health Status
Abstract:
Grandparents Raising Grandchildren: Results of a Pilot Study to Improve Health Status
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2008
Author:Kelley, Susan J., PhD, FAAN
P.I. Institution Name:Georgia State University
Title:Dean and Professor
Co-Authors:Deborah Whitley, MPH, PhD; Peter Campos, PhD
[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] During the past few decades, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of children raised by grandparents in the U.S., Africa, Eastern Europe, and the Caribbean. A body of research indicates that raising grandchildren is associated with negative impact on physical and psychological well-being. This pilot study sought to determine the effectiveness of a home-based nursing intervention on the health and psychological distress of grandparents raising grandchildren. The sample was comprised of 80, predominantly low income, African American women with a mean age of 56.5 years, who were raising one or more grandchildren in parent-absent homes. Participants received services for one year and were randomly assigned to one of two groups. Group 1 participants received monthly home visits by social workers and access to support groups. In addition to these services, Group 2 participants received monthly home visits by registered nurses that included health assessments and interventions. Both groups received services for one year. Participants completed the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) and Short Health Survey (SF-36) at pretest and again after 12 months of participation in the program. It was hypothesized that participants in Group 2 (nursing intervention) would have greater improvements in health outcomes at post-test compared to Group 1 (no nursing). At base line, there were no significant differences in groups on demographic or dependent variables. Although both groups reported decreased psychological distress as measured by the BSI. The implications of these findings, including cost effectiveness of home visitations by nurses for grandparents raising grandchildren will be discussed. Directions for future research will also be presented.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleGrandparents Raising Grandchildren: Results of a Pilot Study to Improve Health Statusen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/151152-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Grandparents Raising Grandchildren: Results of a Pilot Study to Improve Health Status</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2008</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Kelley, Susan J., PhD, FAAN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Georgia State University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Dean and Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">skelley@gsu.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Deborah Whitley, MPH, PhD; Peter Campos, PhD</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] During the past few decades, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of children raised by grandparents in the U.S., Africa, Eastern Europe, and the Caribbean. A body of research indicates that raising grandchildren is associated with negative impact on physical and psychological well-being. This pilot study sought to determine the effectiveness of a home-based nursing intervention on the health and psychological distress of grandparents raising grandchildren. The sample was comprised of 80, predominantly low income, African American women with a mean age of 56.5 years, who were raising one or more grandchildren in parent-absent homes. Participants received services for one year and were randomly assigned to one of two groups. Group 1 participants received monthly home visits by social workers and access to support groups. In addition to these services, Group 2 participants received monthly home visits by registered nurses that included health assessments and interventions. Both groups received services for one year. Participants completed the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) and Short Health Survey (SF-36) at pretest and again after 12 months of participation in the program. It was hypothesized that participants in Group 2 (nursing intervention) would have greater improvements in health outcomes at post-test compared to Group 1 (no nursing). At base line, there were no significant differences in groups on demographic or dependent variables. Although both groups reported decreased psychological distress as measured by the BSI. The implications of these findings, including cost effectiveness of home visitations by nurses for grandparents raising grandchildren will be discussed. Directions for future research will also be presented.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:53:25Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:53:25Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.