Prevalence and Impact on Life for Different Type Bowel Elimination Problems among Taiwan Community Elders

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/151217
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Prevalence and Impact on Life for Different Type Bowel Elimination Problems among Taiwan Community Elders
Abstract:
Prevalence and Impact on Life for Different Type Bowel Elimination Problems among Taiwan Community Elders
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2008
Author:Yu, Hsing-Yi, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Department of Nursing, Jen-Teh Junior College of Medicine. Nursing and Management;
Title:Instructor
Co-Authors:Shu Yu, PhD, RN; Ming-Chen Yeh, MSN, RN
[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] BACKGROUND: Bowel elimination problems in old age are not only annoying distress, but also decrease their quality of life. However, most studies focus on constipation of the elderly and disregard of other bowel elimination problems ex: diarrhea, incontinence, fecal impaction. OBJECTIVE : The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the prevalence of different type bowel elimination problems in Taiwan community elderly and compare their impact on life. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 507 community elders selected by a random sampling method and interviewed face-to-face in this cross-sectional study. RESULTS: The main findings included (1) 27.2% elderly were suffered from bowel elimination problems. Among these problems, constipation had the highest prevalence (16.4%). However, there were still 5.5% of the elderly had mixed type bowel elimination problem (combined constipation with diarrhea) and 5.3% of the elderly had diarrhea. (2) The impact of bowel elimination problem on life was not so high (mean=38.06 +/- 8.25, range=32-69). As to the impact of different types of bowel elimination problems, mixed type had the highest effect on total life (mean=44.39) and all of dimensions including physical, psychology and social. While constipation affect second (mean=36.7). (3)The analysis of stepwise multiple regression indicated that 23.9% of the variance in the scores of impact on life was explained by subjective general health, had operated, life stress, age, had urinary problem, got disease. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that constipation, diarrhea, and mixed type bowel elimination problem seem frequently in Taiwan community elderly. Mixed type had the highest impact on life. Health professionals should pay attention to effectively assess and manage bowel elimination problems especially for the elderly who had mixed type bowel elimination problem.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePrevalence and Impact on Life for Different Type Bowel Elimination Problems among Taiwan Community Eldersen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/151217-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Prevalence and Impact on Life for Different Type Bowel Elimination Problems among Taiwan Community Elders</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2008</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Yu, Hsing-Yi, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Department of Nursing, Jen-Teh Junior College of Medicine. Nursing and Management;</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Instructor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">kanano@gmail.com</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Shu Yu, PhD, RN; Ming-Chen Yeh, MSN, RN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] BACKGROUND: Bowel elimination problems in old age are not only annoying distress, but also decrease their quality of life. However, most studies focus on constipation of the elderly and disregard of other bowel elimination problems ex: diarrhea, incontinence, fecal impaction. OBJECTIVE : The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the prevalence of different type bowel elimination problems in Taiwan community elderly and compare their impact on life. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 507 community elders selected by a random sampling method and interviewed face-to-face in this cross-sectional study. RESULTS: The main findings included (1) 27.2% elderly were suffered from bowel elimination problems. Among these problems, constipation had the highest prevalence (16.4%). However, there were still 5.5% of the elderly had mixed type bowel elimination problem (combined constipation with diarrhea) and 5.3% of the elderly had diarrhea. (2) The impact of bowel elimination problem on life was not so high (mean=38.06 +/- 8.25, range=32-69). As to the impact of different types of bowel elimination problems, mixed type had the highest effect on total life (mean=44.39) and all of dimensions including physical, psychology and social. While constipation affect second (mean=36.7). (3)The analysis of stepwise multiple regression indicated that 23.9% of the variance in the scores of impact on life was explained by subjective general health, had operated, life stress, age, had urinary problem, got disease. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that constipation, diarrhea, and mixed type bowel elimination problem seem frequently in Taiwan community elderly. Mixed type had the highest impact on life. Health professionals should pay attention to effectively assess and manage bowel elimination problems especially for the elderly who had mixed type bowel elimination problem.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:55:22Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:55:22Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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