Depressive symptoms and HIV/AIDS preventive self-efficacy in adolescents: A longitudinal pilot study

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/151297
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Depressive symptoms and HIV/AIDS preventive self-efficacy in adolescents: A longitudinal pilot study
Abstract:
Depressive symptoms and HIV/AIDS preventive self-efficacy in adolescents: A longitudinal pilot study
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2007
Author:Lee, Yi-Hui, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Wright State University
Title:Assistant Professor
Co-Authors:Ali Salman, PHD, (C), DNP, RN
[Research Presentation] The significant role of self-efficacy in reducing adolescents' HIV/AIDS related risky sexual behaviors has been previously identified.áDepression, commonly seen in adolescents, may increase the likelihood of having HIV/AIDS infections. However, little is known about the role of depressive symptoms and self-efficacy of HIV/AIDS prevention in adolescents when the time changes over one year. The purpose of this longitudinal pilot study was to identify the associations between depressive symptoms and HIV/AIDS preventive self-efficacy in female and male adolescents over one year. A total of 81 Taiwanese high school students who were 16-18 years old completed self-reported questionnaires at both year 1 (Time 1) and 12 months after completing first time survey (Time 2). Of the 81 participants (22 boys and 59 girls), the number of sexually experienced adolescents was increased from 27.2% at first year to 37.0% at the second year. The average scores of depressive symptoms which measured by CES-D scale were significantly higher (p=.012) at Time 2 (Mean=25.48, SD = 10.14) than at Time 1 (Mean =23.1, SD = 10.4). Average self-efficacy score at Time 1 (Mean=80.88, SD =18.06) was lower than that of áTime 2 (Mean= 82.21, SD = 15.33).áGirls, compared with boys, had significant higher HIV/AIDS preventive self-efficacy at both Time 1 and Time 2. There were significant correlations between Time 1 and Time 2 measures.á Moreover, Time 2 self-efficacy was significantly correlated with Time 1 self-efficacy (r= .49, p<.001), Time 1 depressive symptoms(r= -.31, p=.019), and Time 2 depressive symptoms(r= -.33, p=.013) in female adolescents. The findings suggest that the previous status of depressive symptoms and HIV/AIDS self-efficacy could be useful indicators of future self-efficacy for preventing HIV/AIDS related risky sexual behaviors among Taiwanese adolescents. This study would aid nurses in developing efficient HIV/AIDS preventive programs that aim at enhancing adolescentsÆ HIV/AIDS self-efficacy.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleDepressive symptoms and HIV/AIDS preventive self-efficacy in adolescents: A longitudinal pilot studyen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/151297-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Depressive symptoms and HIV/AIDS preventive self-efficacy in adolescents: A longitudinal pilot study</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Lee, Yi-Hui, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Wright State University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">yi-hui.lee@wright.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Ali Salman, PHD, (C), DNP, RN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] The significant role of self-efficacy in reducing adolescents' HIV/AIDS related risky sexual behaviors has been previously identified.&aacute;Depression, commonly seen in adolescents, may increase the likelihood of having HIV/AIDS infections. However, little is known about the role of depressive symptoms and self-efficacy of HIV/AIDS prevention in adolescents when the time changes over one year. The purpose of this longitudinal pilot study was to identify the associations between depressive symptoms and HIV/AIDS preventive self-efficacy in female and male adolescents over one year. A total of 81 Taiwanese high school students who were 16-18 years old completed self-reported questionnaires at both year 1 (Time 1) and 12 months after completing first time survey (Time 2). Of the 81 participants (22 boys and 59 girls), the number of sexually experienced adolescents was increased from 27.2% at first year to 37.0% at the second year. The average scores of depressive symptoms which measured by CES-D scale were significantly higher (p=.012) at Time 2 (Mean=25.48, SD = 10.14) than at Time 1 (Mean =23.1, SD = 10.4). Average self-efficacy score at Time 1 (Mean=80.88, SD =18.06) was lower than that of &aacute;Time 2 (Mean= 82.21, SD = 15.33).&aacute;Girls, compared with boys, had significant higher HIV/AIDS preventive self-efficacy at both Time 1 and Time 2. There were significant correlations between Time 1 and Time 2 measures.&aacute; Moreover, Time 2 self-efficacy was significantly correlated with Time 1 self-efficacy (r= .49, p&lt;.001), Time 1 depressive symptoms(r= -.31, p=.019), and Time 2 depressive symptoms(r= -.33, p=.013) in female adolescents. The findings suggest that the previous status of depressive symptoms and HIV/AIDS self-efficacy could be useful indicators of future self-efficacy for preventing HIV/AIDS related risky sexual behaviors among Taiwanese adolescents. This study would aid nurses in developing efficient HIV/AIDS preventive programs that aim at enhancing adolescents&AElig; HIV/AIDS self-efficacy.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:57:54Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:57:54Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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