The Effect of Distraction by Using a Party Blower on Pain Level During Intravenous Insertion in Preschool Children

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/151455
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Effect of Distraction by Using a Party Blower on Pain Level During Intravenous Insertion in Preschool Children
Abstract:
The Effect of Distraction by Using a Party Blower on Pain Level During Intravenous Insertion in Preschool Children
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2006
Author:Sriarammanee, Soontaree, MNS
P.I. Institution Name:Mahidol University
Title:Registered nurse
Co-Authors:Renu Pookboonmee, DNS; Wilai Leesuwan, MEd
The purpose of this quasi-experimental research was to determine the effect of using a party blower as a distraction from pain during intravenous insertion in preschool children. The Gate control theory of Melzack and Wall (1965) provided the conceptual framework for this study. Based on protection of human subjects, the samples were 36 preschool children, aged 4 through 6 years old who were newly admitted for a planned operation and having a physician?s order for intravenous therapy at the pediatric surgery ward of Ramathibodi Hospital, during October 2003 to October 2004. The samples were selected by a purposive sampling and randomly assigned to the control (n=18) or experimental group (n=18) by random allocation on the first day of performing the intravenous insertion procedure. During intravenous insertion, the control group received only the usual care, whereas the experimental group received distraction using a party blower and the usual care.  The modified Sheffield Children?s Hospital Pain Assessment Tool was used to evaluate children?s perception of pain. Difference of pain level between the control and experimental group was analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test. The result of this study revealed that preschool children in the experimental group had statistically significantly lower pain than the control group (p< .01). The finding of this study showed that the effectiveness of distraction could reduce pain in hospitalized preschool children.  Pediatric nurses ought to promote the use of a distraction technique to relieve pain associated with a brief painful procedure in hospitalized preschool children
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Effect of Distraction by Using a Party Blower on Pain Level During Intravenous Insertion in Preschool Childrenen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/151455-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">The Effect of Distraction by Using a Party Blower on Pain Level During Intravenous Insertion in Preschool Children</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2006</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Sriarammanee, Soontaree, MNS</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Mahidol University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Registered nurse</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">Krasoon2002@yahoo.com</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Renu Pookboonmee, DNS; Wilai Leesuwan, MEd</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">The purpose of this quasi-experimental research was to determine the effect of using a party blower as a distraction from pain during intravenous insertion in preschool children. The Gate control theory of Melzack and Wall (1965) provided the conceptual framework for this study. Based on protection of human subjects, the samples were 36 preschool children, aged 4 through 6 years old who were newly admitted for a planned operation and having a physician?s order for intravenous therapy at the pediatric surgery ward of Ramathibodi Hospital, during October 2003 to October 2004. The samples were selected by a purposive sampling and randomly assigned to the control (n=18) or experimental group (n=18) by random allocation on the first day of performing the intravenous insertion procedure. During intravenous insertion, the control group received only the usual care, whereas the experimental group received distraction using a party blower and the usual care.&nbsp; The modified Sheffield Children?s Hospital Pain Assessment Tool was used to evaluate children?s perception of pain. Difference of pain level between the control and experimental group was analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test. The result of this study revealed that preschool children in the experimental group had statistically significantly lower pain than the control group (p&lt; .01). The finding of this study showed that the effectiveness of distraction could reduce pain in hospitalized preschool children.&nbsp; Pediatric nurses ought to promote the use of a distraction technique to relieve pain associated with a brief painful procedure in hospitalized preschool children</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:02:56Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:02:56Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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