An Examination of the Transtheoretical Model and Physical Activity in Chinese Americans

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/151465
Type:
Presentation
Title:
An Examination of the Transtheoretical Model and Physical Activity in Chinese Americans
Abstract:
An Examination of the Transtheoretical Model and Physical Activity in Chinese Americans
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2006
Author:Tung, Wei-Chen, RN, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Auburn University
Title:Doctor
Co-Authors:Paul Hsu, PhD; Yung-Sheng Lin,
Background: The Chinese American population has grown from 0.81 million during the 1980s to 2.88 million in 2000 in the United States.  The leading causes of death for the past decade among the Chinese Americans are heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.  Primary prevention of these diseases may be possible with lifestyle changes--primarily an increase in regular physical activity.  However, little research has been conducted to document physical activity behaviors of Chinese Americans.  The transtheoretical model (TTM) has been widely applied to understand the process by which individuals change their lifestyles in order to incorporate regular physical activity.  Examine physical activity and the applicability of the TTM in Chinese Americans is important in the development of successful physical activity programs that address the specific needs for this ethnic group.  Objectives: To explore physical activity behaviors among Chinese American adults, and to examine whether specific constructs from the TTM are applicable to Chinese Americans.  Methods: A descriptive comparative, cross-sectional design was performed using a sample of 201 Chinese Americans residing in different cities.  The self-administrated instruments included the Demographic Questionnaire, Stages of Change for Regular Physical Activity Questionnaire, Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale, and Exercise Benefits/Barriers Scale. Results: About 54.2% of the subjects reported engaging in regular physical activity.  Self-efficacy scores were significantly higher for subjects in later stages of TTM (e.g., maintenance) than those in earlier stages (e.g., precontemplation) (F (4, 193) = 5.36, p = .02).  There were no significant differences in the level of perceived benefits (p = .78) and barriers (p = .41) to regular physical activity across the different stages.  Discussion: The TTM only partially applied to the Chinese Americans in this study.  Cultural issues may play a critical role in physical activity behavior among Chinese Americans and need to be further investigated.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleAn Examination of the Transtheoretical Model and Physical Activity in Chinese Americansen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/151465-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">An Examination of the Transtheoretical Model and Physical Activity in Chinese Americans</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2006</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Tung, Wei-Chen, RN, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Auburn University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Doctor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">tungwei@auburn.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Paul Hsu, PhD; Yung-Sheng Lin,</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Background: The Chinese American population has grown from 0.81 million during the 1980s to 2.88 million in 2000 in the United States.&nbsp; The leading causes of death for the past decade among the Chinese Americans are heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.&nbsp; Primary prevention of these diseases may be possible with lifestyle changes--primarily an increase in regular physical activity.&nbsp; However, little research has been conducted to document physical activity behaviors of Chinese Americans.&nbsp; The transtheoretical model (TTM) has been widely applied to understand the process by which individuals change their lifestyles in order to incorporate regular physical activity.&nbsp; Examine physical activity and the applicability of the TTM in Chinese Americans is important in the development of successful physical activity programs that address the specific needs for this ethnic group.&nbsp; Objectives: To explore physical activity behaviors among Chinese American adults, and to examine whether specific constructs from the TTM are applicable to Chinese Americans. &nbsp;Methods: A descriptive comparative, cross-sectional design was performed using a sample of 201 Chinese Americans residing in different cities.&nbsp; The self-administrated instruments included the Demographic Questionnaire, Stages of Change for Regular Physical Activity Questionnaire, Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale, and Exercise Benefits/Barriers Scale. Results: About 54.2% of the subjects reported engaging in regular physical activity.&nbsp; Self-efficacy scores were significantly higher for subjects in later stages of TTM (e.g., maintenance) than those in earlier stages (e.g., precontemplation) (F (4, 193) = 5.36, p = .02).&nbsp; There were no significant differences in the level of perceived benefits (p = .78) and barriers (p = .41) to regular physical activity across the different stages.&nbsp; Discussion: The TTM only partially applied to the Chinese Americans in this study.&nbsp; Cultural issues may play a critical role in physical activity behavior among Chinese Americans and need to be further investigated.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:03:15Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:03:15Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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