2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/151474
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Does the Level of Pain Affect Waiting Times in the Emergency Department?
Abstract:
Does the Level of Pain Affect Waiting Times in the Emergency Department?
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2006
Author:Wheeler, Erlinda C., DNS, RN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Delaware
Co-Authors:Thomas Hardie, EdD, RN, CS, NP; Ibironke Akanji, ; Erin Schonewolf, ; Janna Scott, ; Bethany Sterling,
Background: Pain is the leading cause for individuals to seek emergency care. Previous studies have concluded that acute pain conditions were under evaluated and under treated in the Emergency Department (ED). A review of literature indicated that the majority of patients who present with acute pain on arrival to ED are not treated with adequate amount of analgesics or other forms of pain management. There is paucity of information about how the severity of pain influences the amount of time spent in the ED before being seen by a physician. Therefore, our study focuses on what role pain plays regarding time to treatment in the ED. Purpose: To determine if the level of pain affects the waiting time in the emergency department. Methods: The National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Survey CDC?s 2003 data was used in this study. The sample consisted of 12,860 Caucasian and African-American adults with a mean age of 43.43 years. Analysis of covariance was used to explore differences in length of waiting time in the emergency room based on race, triage nurses rating of the immediacy of the need to be seen by a physician and the level of pain the patient reported. Results/Conclusions: The findings showed that patient?s reports of pain have little or no effect on the length of waiting time. Given the sample size we feel there is adequate power to detect the effect of pain in determining the length of waiting time to see a physician if it were present. In addition, African Americans had a statistically significant longer wait (9.35 minutes) than Caucasians. The effect of race might be interpreted as another example of health disparities or could be a hospital level effect which was not examined within this model.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleDoes the Level of Pain Affect Waiting Times in the Emergency Department?en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/151474-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Does the Level of Pain Affect Waiting Times in the Emergency Department?</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2006</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Wheeler, Erlinda C., DNS, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Delaware</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">ewheeler@udel.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Thomas Hardie, EdD, RN, CS, NP; Ibironke Akanji, ; Erin Schonewolf, ; Janna Scott, ; Bethany Sterling,</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Background: Pain is the leading cause for individuals to seek emergency care. Previous studies have concluded that acute pain conditions were under evaluated and under treated in the Emergency Department (ED). A review of literature indicated that the majority of patients who present with acute pain on arrival to ED are not treated with adequate amount of analgesics or other forms of pain management. There is paucity of information about how the severity of pain influences the amount of time spent in the ED before being seen by a physician. Therefore, our study focuses on what role pain plays regarding time to treatment in the ED. Purpose: To determine if the level of pain affects the waiting time in the emergency department. Methods: The National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Survey CDC?s 2003 data was used in this study. The sample consisted of 12,860 Caucasian and African-American adults with a mean age of 43.43 years. Analysis of covariance was used to explore differences in length of waiting time in the emergency room based on race, triage nurses rating of the immediacy of the need to be seen by a physician and the level of pain the patient reported. Results/Conclusions: The findings showed that patient?s reports of pain have little or no effect on the length of waiting time. Given the sample size we feel there is adequate power to detect the effect of pain in determining the length of waiting time to see a physician if it were present. In addition, African Americans had a statistically significant longer wait (9.35 minutes) than Caucasians. The effect of race might be interpreted as another example of health disparities or could be a hospital level effect which was not examined within this model.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:03:32Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:03:32Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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