An Intervention to Increase Self-Efficacy and the Implementation of Health Promotion Behaviors and Decrease Depression Among Women who have Experienced Intimate Partner Abuse

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/151477
Type:
Presentation
Title:
An Intervention to Increase Self-Efficacy and the Implementation of Health Promotion Behaviors and Decrease Depression Among Women who have Experienced Intimate Partner Abuse
Abstract:
An Intervention to Increase Self-Efficacy and the Implementation of Health Promotion Behaviors and Decrease Depression Among Women who have Experienced Intimate Partner Abuse
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2006
Author:Yam, Marylou N., PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Saint Peter's College
Title:Associate Dean and Professor
Co-Authors:Denise M. Tate, EdD, RN
There is an abundance of literature documenting the physical and psychological problems experienced by women as a result of living in a violent relationship (Campbell, 2002). One factor which may mediate the impact of abuse is the woman?s personal strengths, namely, self-efficacy (Dutton, l992). The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a self-efficacy enhancement intervention on perception of self-efficacy, symptoms of depression and perceived ability to implement health promotion behaviors among women who have experienced intimate partner abuse. Bandura?s (l977) self-efficacy theory was used to guide this study and to develop the intervention. A quasi experimental, pre/post test design was utilized. The intervention consisted of topics related to: Safety Planning/Cycle of Violence, Accessing Services, Nutrition, Assertive Communication, Exercise/Rest/Sleep and Stress Management. A convenience sample of (N=66) women was obtained. Outcome variables were self-efficacy, measured by the Self-Efficacy Scale (Sherer and Adams, l983) self perceived ability to implement health promotion behavior, measured by the Abilities for Health Practices Scale (Becker, Stuifbergen, Oh & Hall, l993) and, depression, measured by the Beck Depression Inventory (Beck, l970).  A questionnaire, which included the Management of Safety Self-Efficacy Tool (Yam, 2005) was used to evaluate the intervention. Analysis of variance showed no significant difference in the post-test self-efficacy scores between the experimental group and control group (p>.05).  However, significant differences were found between the experimental and control group in the post-test scores on perceived ability to implement health promotion behaviors (p= .001); and in symptoms of depression (p<.05). The research findings demonstrated support for the use of a self-efficacy enhancement intervention to alleviate the symptoms of depression and to increase health promotion behaviors among women who have been abused.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleAn Intervention to Increase Self-Efficacy and the Implementation of Health Promotion Behaviors and Decrease Depression Among Women who have Experienced Intimate Partner Abuseen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/151477-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">An Intervention to Increase Self-Efficacy and the Implementation of Health Promotion Behaviors and Decrease Depression Among Women who have Experienced Intimate Partner Abuse</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2006</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Yam, Marylou N., PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Saint Peter's College</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Dean and Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">myam@spc.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Denise M. Tate, EdD, RN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">There is an abundance of literature documenting the physical and psychological problems experienced by women as a result of living in a violent relationship (Campbell, 2002). One factor which may mediate the impact of abuse is the woman?s personal strengths, namely, self-efficacy (Dutton, l992). The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a self-efficacy enhancement intervention on perception of self-efficacy, symptoms of depression and perceived ability to implement health promotion behaviors among women who have experienced intimate partner abuse. Bandura?s (l977) self-efficacy theory was used to guide this study and to develop the intervention. A quasi experimental, pre/post test design was utilized. The intervention consisted of topics related to: Safety Planning/Cycle of Violence, Accessing Services, Nutrition, Assertive Communication, Exercise/Rest/Sleep and Stress Management. A convenience sample of (N=66) women was obtained. Outcome variables were self-efficacy, measured by the Self-Efficacy Scale (Sherer and Adams, l983) self perceived ability to implement health promotion behavior, measured by the Abilities for Health Practices Scale (Becker, Stuifbergen, Oh &amp; Hall, l993) and, depression, measured by the Beck Depression Inventory (Beck, l970).&nbsp; A questionnaire, which included the Management of Safety Self-Efficacy Tool (Yam, 2005) was used to evaluate the intervention. Analysis of variance showed no significant difference in the post-test self-efficacy scores between the experimental group and control group (p&gt;.05).&nbsp; However, significant differences were found between the experimental and control group in the post-test scores on perceived ability to implement health promotion behaviors (p= .001); and in symptoms of depression (p&lt;.05). The research findings demonstrated support for the use of a self-efficacy enhancement intervention to alleviate the symptoms of depression and to increase health promotion behaviors among women who have been abused.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:03:38Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:03:38Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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