2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/151506
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Similarities and Differences of HIV/AIDS Stigma in Five African Countries
Abstract:
Similarities and Differences of HIV/AIDS Stigma in Five African Countries
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2005
Author:Uys, Leana, DSocSc
P.I. Institution Name:University of KwaZulu-Natal
Title:Doctor
Co-Authors:Lucy Nthabiseng Makoae, PhD; Maureen L. Chirwa, PhD; Minrie Greeff, PhD; Priscilla S. Dlamini, PhD; Thecla S. Kohi, PhD; William Holzemer, RN, PhD, FAAN
A descriptive, qualitative study was done to explore the experience of HIV/AIDS stigma of people living with HIV or AIDS (PLWA) and nurses. Focus group discussions (FGD) were held with respondents to capture an emic view from PLWA and an etic view from nurses of stigma and discrimination. Participants were asked to relate incidences which they themselves observed as well as those that they experienced themselves in the community and in families. Participants were also asked to define their own understanding of what stigma and discrimination meant. They went further to relate incidences which they perceived as self stigma. The study was conducted in five African countries; Lesotho, Malawi, South Africa, Swaziland and Tanzania. Purposive voluntary sampling was used to select participants. The sample consisted of males and females people living with AIDS (PLWA) and nurses who are clinicians or managers. Focus groups from both rural and urban areas were identified. The size of the FGD's ranged from 4-8 participants in each group and a total of 261 participants were involved. The following similarities and differences were found between the five countries: 1.While some descriptions (words and phrases) used to describe PLWHA or the disease was similar across all countries, in most countries different aspects were focused on. 2.In most countries descriptions of stigmatizing behaviour was worse in urban areas than in rural areas. 3.The external stigma experienced by PLWHA ranged from simple avoidance or withdrawal, to active abuse. Although the intensity seemed to be different in different countries, the whole range of behaviours was found in all countries. 4.Internal (self) stigma was very low in some countries. These findings will be elaborated on in the paper.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleSimilarities and Differences of HIV/AIDS Stigma in Five African Countriesen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/151506-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Similarities and Differences of HIV/AIDS Stigma in Five African Countries</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Uys, Leana, DSocSc</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of KwaZulu-Natal</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Doctor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">uys@ukzn.ac.za</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Lucy Nthabiseng Makoae, PhD; Maureen L. Chirwa, PhD; Minrie Greeff, PhD; Priscilla S. Dlamini, PhD; Thecla S. Kohi, PhD; William Holzemer, RN, PhD, FAAN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">A descriptive, qualitative study was done to explore the experience of HIV/AIDS stigma of people living with HIV or AIDS (PLWA) and nurses. Focus group discussions (FGD) were held with respondents to capture an emic view from PLWA and an etic view from nurses of stigma and discrimination. Participants were asked to relate incidences which they themselves observed as well as those that they experienced themselves in the community and in families. Participants were also asked to define their own understanding of what stigma and discrimination meant. They went further to relate incidences which they perceived as self stigma. The study was conducted in five African countries; Lesotho, Malawi, South Africa, Swaziland and Tanzania. Purposive voluntary sampling was used to select participants. The sample consisted of males and females people living with AIDS (PLWA) and nurses who are clinicians or managers. Focus groups from both rural and urban areas were identified. The size of the FGD's ranged from 4-8 participants in each group and a total of 261 participants were involved. The following similarities and differences were found between the five countries: 1.While some descriptions (words and phrases) used to describe PLWHA or the disease was similar across all countries, in most countries different aspects were focused on. 2.In most countries descriptions of stigmatizing behaviour was worse in urban areas than in rural areas. 3.The external stigma experienced by PLWHA ranged from simple avoidance or withdrawal, to active abuse. Although the intensity seemed to be different in different countries, the whole range of behaviours was found in all countries. 4.Internal (self) stigma was very low in some countries. These findings will be elaborated on in the paper.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:04:35Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:04:35Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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