The Role of Sexual Satisfaction, Age, and Cardiac Risk Factors in the Reduction of Post-MI Anxiety

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/151515
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Role of Sexual Satisfaction, Age, and Cardiac Risk Factors in the Reduction of Post-MI Anxiety
Abstract:
The Role of Sexual Satisfaction, Age, and Cardiac Risk Factors in the Reduction of Post-MI Anxiety
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2005
Author:Steinke, Elaine E., RN, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Wichita State University
Title:Professor
Co-Authors:David W. Wright, PhD
Background: Emotional distress and anxiety are common after a cardiac illness and may persist during the recovery period. Those who have had a myocardial infarction (MI) may be particularly anxious in resuming normal activities, including sexual activity; however, little is known about the interplay between sexual concerns and anxiety. Objective: To examine the role of sexual satisfaction in reducing anxiety, controlling for age, gender, education, cardiac risk factors and return to sexual activity post-MI. Methods: This was a randomized controlled trial of 115 post-MI patients, pre-tested in- hospital, and followed at home by mailed questionnaires at 1, 3, and 5 months post-MI. Measures included: Anxiety (STAI), sexual satisfaction (Watts Sexual Function Questionnaire), quality of life (Quality of Life Index), knowledge (Sex after MI Knowledge Test), and return to sexual activity. The intervention was an educational videotape on return to sexual activity. Findings: OLS multiple regression analysis was employed, regressing sexual satisfaction, age, risk factors, gender, and education upon post-MI anxiety. The saturated model generated an adjusted R-square of .422 (p= .000), accounting for approximately 42% of the variance in anxiety. Sexual satisfaction, age, and risk factors had independent effects net of other factors (p=.000), while sex and education were not significant predictors (p>.05). Sexual satisfaction had a negative inverse relationship with anxiety, as sexual satisfaction increased, anxiety decreased (Beta -.408), and accounted for the largest single predictor (23% of the model variance). Age also had a negative inverse relationship (Beta -.374), with anxiety decreasing with increased age. Risk factors had a positive relationship (Beta .277) net of other factors. Conclusions: Anxiety is common post-MI and sexuality is one of many contributors to anxiety, as demonstrated in this analysis. The development of effective interventions to decrease anxiety and further research to clarify the relationships between anxiety and sexual concerns are needed.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Role of Sexual Satisfaction, Age, and Cardiac Risk Factors in the Reduction of Post-MI Anxietyen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/151515-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">The Role of Sexual Satisfaction, Age, and Cardiac Risk Factors in the Reduction of Post-MI Anxiety</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Steinke, Elaine E., RN, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Wichita State University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">elaine.steinke@wichita.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">David W. Wright, PhD</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Background: Emotional distress and anxiety are common after a cardiac illness and may persist during the recovery period. Those who have had a myocardial infarction (MI) may be particularly anxious in resuming normal activities, including sexual activity; however, little is known about the interplay between sexual concerns and anxiety. Objective: To examine the role of sexual satisfaction in reducing anxiety, controlling for age, gender, education, cardiac risk factors and return to sexual activity post-MI. Methods: This was a randomized controlled trial of 115 post-MI patients, pre-tested in- hospital, and followed at home by mailed questionnaires at 1, 3, and 5 months post-MI. Measures included: Anxiety (STAI), sexual satisfaction (Watts Sexual Function Questionnaire), quality of life (Quality of Life Index), knowledge (Sex after MI Knowledge Test), and return to sexual activity. The intervention was an educational videotape on return to sexual activity. Findings: OLS multiple regression analysis was employed, regressing sexual satisfaction, age, risk factors, gender, and education upon post-MI anxiety. The saturated model generated an adjusted R-square of .422 (p= .000), accounting for approximately 42% of the variance in anxiety. Sexual satisfaction, age, and risk factors had independent effects net of other factors (p=.000), while sex and education were not significant predictors (p&gt;.05). Sexual satisfaction had a negative inverse relationship with anxiety, as sexual satisfaction increased, anxiety decreased (Beta -.408), and accounted for the largest single predictor (23% of the model variance). Age also had a negative inverse relationship (Beta -.374), with anxiety decreasing with increased age. Risk factors had a positive relationship (Beta .277) net of other factors. Conclusions: Anxiety is common post-MI and sexuality is one of many contributors to anxiety, as demonstrated in this analysis. The development of effective interventions to decrease anxiety and further research to clarify the relationships between anxiety and sexual concerns are needed.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:04:52Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:04:52Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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