2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/151647
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Two Views of Community Cohesion and Disorganization
Abstract:
Two Views of Community Cohesion and Disorganization
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2004
Conference Date:July 22-24, 2004
Author:Erickson, Julie Reed, RN, PhD, FAAN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Arizona
Title:Associate professor
Objective: The objective of this research was to measure community cohesion and community disorganization from the view of adults and youth. The goal of this 3-year intervention study is to build cohesion and decrease disorganization through community coalitions and youth programs. Design: The design was descriptive and comparative. Data were collected prior to implementation of a community development intervention and served to guide components of the intervention. Sample: The convenience sample included 160 adults and 108 youth living in three rural communities. Data were collected from 9/02-7/03. Concepts: Community cohesion is the extent to which residents feel a sense of belonging and share the same values as others in the community. Community disorganization is the residents’ perceptions of community conditions including severity of problems and sense of safety. Methods: Descriptive statistics were used. T-tests and rank order of responses allowed comparisons of adults and youth. A 12-item Community Cohesion Scale (alpha=.88 adults and .81 youth) and a 13-item Community Disorganization Scale (alpha=.89 adults and .93 youth) were used Findings: There was no difference (p=.636) between youth and adults on cohesion with both groups expressing a moderate sense of belonging. There was a significant difference (p=.007) in disorganization with youth reporting more severe problems and higher sense of being unsafe. In rank order, adults reported drug dealing, inadequate recreation for youth and lack of supervised activities for youth as the most severe problems. For youth, the most severe problems were drug dealing, feeling unsafe, property damage, physical fights and gunshots. Conclusions: These data demonstrate that youth and adults view cohesion similarly but see problems differently. Youth focus on personal implications of disorganization while adults focus on community structure when characterizing disorganization. Implication: Nurses must get input from both adults and youth when planning comprehensive interventions aimed at community building.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
22-Jul-2004
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleTwo Views of Community Cohesion and Disorganizationen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/151647-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Two Views of Community Cohesion and Disorganization</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2004</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">July 22-24, 2004</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Erickson, Julie Reed, RN, PhD, FAAN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Arizona</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">mjerick@flash.net</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objective: The objective of this research was to measure community cohesion and community disorganization from the view of adults and youth. The goal of this 3-year intervention study is to build cohesion and decrease disorganization through community coalitions and youth programs. Design: The design was descriptive and comparative. Data were collected prior to implementation of a community development intervention and served to guide components of the intervention. Sample: The convenience sample included 160 adults and 108 youth living in three rural communities. Data were collected from 9/02-7/03. Concepts: Community cohesion is the extent to which residents feel a sense of belonging and share the same values as others in the community. Community disorganization is the residents&rsquo; perceptions of community conditions including severity of problems and sense of safety. Methods: Descriptive statistics were used. T-tests and rank order of responses allowed comparisons of adults and youth. A 12-item Community Cohesion Scale (alpha=.88 adults and .81 youth) and a 13-item Community Disorganization Scale (alpha=.89 adults and .93 youth) were used Findings: There was no difference (p=.636) between youth and adults on cohesion with both groups expressing a moderate sense of belonging. There was a significant difference (p=.007) in disorganization with youth reporting more severe problems and higher sense of being unsafe. In rank order, adults reported drug dealing, inadequate recreation for youth and lack of supervised activities for youth as the most severe problems. For youth, the most severe problems were drug dealing, feeling unsafe, property damage, physical fights and gunshots. Conclusions: These data demonstrate that youth and adults view cohesion similarly but see problems differently. Youth focus on personal implications of disorganization while adults focus on community structure when characterizing disorganization. Implication: Nurses must get input from both adults and youth when planning comprehensive interventions aimed at community building.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:09:03Z-
dc.date.issued2004-07-22en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:09:03Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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