2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/151689
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Prevention of Depression in Low-Income Single Mothers
Abstract:
Prevention of Depression in Low-Income Single Mothers
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2004
Conference Date:July 22-24, 2004
Author:Peden, Ann R., ARNP-CS, DSN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Kentucky
Title:Professor
Co-Authors:Lynne A. Hall, RN, DrPH; Mary Kay Rayens, PhD
Objective: To test the effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioral group intervention in reducing negative thoughts, depressive symptoms, and chronic stressors, and enhancing self-esteem in low-income single mothers. Design: A randomized controlled intervention trial with single mothers at risk for depression. Sample, Setting: 136 low-income single mothers at least 18 years old participated in this community-based study. Inclusion criteria included not currently under psychiatric care, at least one child 2 to 6 years old in the home, and high depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies - Depression score > 15 and/or Beck Depression Inventory score > 9). Intervention and Outcome Variables: The intervention consists of six one-hour or four 90-minute group sessions that target identification of negative thinking as it affects feelings and depressive behaviors. Thought stopping and affirmations are taught. Outcomes included self-esteem, chronic stressors, depressive symptoms, and negative thinking. Methods: Women were randomly assigned to either control (n = 74) or intervention (n = 62) group. Data were collected via self-report during in-home interviews at baseline and 1- and 6-months post intervention. Repeated measures analysis of variance was used to test for group and time differences. Findings: Compared to control subjects, women assigned to the experimental group had a greater decrease in chronic stressors, depressive symptoms and negative thinking; these effects were maintained over a 6-month period. While there was not a group effect for self-esteem, both groups showed an increase in this outcome over time. Conclusions: The findings document the effectiveness of this intervention and provide empirical support for the beneficial effects of reducing negative thinking on mother’s mental health. Implications: Interventions designed to reduce negative thinking in low-income single mothers may be the key to decreasing high depressive symptoms and increasing self-esteem in this high risk group. Funded by Grant #R01 NR0506-01, NINR/.NIH, April 1, 2000-March 30, 2004
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
22-Jul-2004
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePrevention of Depression in Low-Income Single Mothersen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/151689-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Prevention of Depression in Low-Income Single Mothers</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2004</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">July 22-24, 2004</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Peden, Ann R., ARNP-CS, DSN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Kentucky</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">arpede01@uky.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Lynne A. Hall, RN, DrPH; Mary Kay Rayens, PhD</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objective: To test the effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioral group intervention in reducing negative thoughts, depressive symptoms, and chronic stressors, and enhancing self-esteem in low-income single mothers. Design: A randomized controlled intervention trial with single mothers at risk for depression. Sample, Setting: 136 low-income single mothers at least 18 years old participated in this community-based study. Inclusion criteria included not currently under psychiatric care, at least one child 2 to 6 years old in the home, and high depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies - Depression score &gt; 15 and/or Beck Depression Inventory score &gt; 9). Intervention and Outcome Variables: The intervention consists of six one-hour or four 90-minute group sessions that target identification of negative thinking as it affects feelings and depressive behaviors. Thought stopping and affirmations are taught. Outcomes included self-esteem, chronic stressors, depressive symptoms, and negative thinking. Methods: Women were randomly assigned to either control (n = 74) or intervention (n = 62) group. Data were collected via self-report during in-home interviews at baseline and 1- and 6-months post intervention. Repeated measures analysis of variance was used to test for group and time differences. Findings: Compared to control subjects, women assigned to the experimental group had a greater decrease in chronic stressors, depressive symptoms and negative thinking; these effects were maintained over a 6-month period. While there was not a group effect for self-esteem, both groups showed an increase in this outcome over time. Conclusions: The findings document the effectiveness of this intervention and provide empirical support for the beneficial effects of reducing negative thinking on mother&rsquo;s mental health. Implications: Interventions designed to reduce negative thinking in low-income single mothers may be the key to decreasing high depressive symptoms and increasing self-esteem in this high risk group. Funded by Grant #R01 NR0506-01, NINR/.NIH, April 1, 2000-March 30, 2004</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:10:27Z-
dc.date.issued2004-07-22en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:10:27Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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