Comparison of Four Malnutrition Screening Methods in Patients Undergoing Abdominal Surgery

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/151694
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Comparison of Four Malnutrition Screening Methods in Patients Undergoing Abdominal Surgery
Abstract:
Comparison of Four Malnutrition Screening Methods in Patients Undergoing Abdominal Surgery
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2004
Conference Date:July 22-24, 2004
Author:Putwatana, Panwadee, DSc, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Mahidol University
Title:Assoc. Prof.
Objective: To validate and compare the following nutritional screening methods – the serum albumin and serum prealbumin levels, the Short Form Mini Nutrition Assessment (MNA-SF), the Nutrition Risk Classification (NRC), the Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST), the Nutrition Risk score (NRS) and the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) in the prediction of postoperative infectious and wound complications. Design: Correlational study Sampling: Purposive sampling Setting: A 900 beds-university hospital, Thailand Methods. Nutritional assessment was performed on 103 patients undergoing major abdominal surgery between November and December 2002. All patients were followed postoperatively for 30 days or till the occurrence of postoperative complications. The ability of the “at-risk” of malnutrition classification to predict postoperative complications was measured by the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve for each method and compared. Results and conclusions. All nutritional screening methods were able to predict postoperative complications reasonably well (ROC area between 0.65 and 0.8) but the best predictor was the NRC (ROC area = 0.78).
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
22-Jul-2004
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleComparison of Four Malnutrition Screening Methods in Patients Undergoing Abdominal Surgeryen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/151694-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Comparison of Four Malnutrition Screening Methods in Patients Undergoing Abdominal Surgery</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2004</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">July 22-24, 2004</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Putwatana, Panwadee, DSc, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Mahidol University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assoc. Prof.</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">rappw@mahidol.ac.th</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objective: To validate and compare the following nutritional screening methods &ndash; the serum albumin and serum prealbumin levels, the Short Form Mini Nutrition Assessment (MNA-SF), the Nutrition Risk Classification (NRC), the Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST), the Nutrition Risk score (NRS) and the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) in the prediction of postoperative infectious and wound complications. Design: Correlational study Sampling: Purposive sampling Setting: A 900 beds-university hospital, Thailand Methods. Nutritional assessment was performed on 103 patients undergoing major abdominal surgery between November and December 2002. All patients were followed postoperatively for 30 days or till the occurrence of postoperative complications. The ability of the &ldquo;at-risk&rdquo; of malnutrition classification to predict postoperative complications was measured by the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve for each method and compared. Results and conclusions. All nutritional screening methods were able to predict postoperative complications reasonably well (ROC area between 0.65 and 0.8) but the best predictor was the NRC (ROC area = 0.78).</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:10:36Z-
dc.date.issued2004-07-22en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:10:36Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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