Effects of a Problem-Solving Program on Problem-Solving Ability, Self-Esteem, and Depression for Middle School Girls with Depression

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/151871
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Effects of a Problem-Solving Program on Problem-Solving Ability, Self-Esteem, and Depression for Middle School Girls with Depression
Abstract:
Effects of a Problem-Solving Program on Problem-Solving Ability, Self-Esteem, and Depression for Middle School Girls with Depression
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2010
Author:Lee, Haejung, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Pusan National University
Title:Associate Professor
Co-Authors:Hwa Yoon Um, RN, BSN; Yeonjung Lim, RN, BSN
21st INRC [Research Presentation] Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze effects of a problem-solving program on problem-solving ability, self-esteem, and depression for middle school girls with depression. Methods: This quasi-experimental study was designed with a nonequivalent control group pre-post test. The research participants were middle school girls (N=82; experimental group=32, control group=50) whose CES-D score was higher than 24. The problem solving program consisted of 10 sessions (90min/session) was composed of introduction, problem orientation, problem solving skills, case application, and ending. The contents of the problem solving program were related to appearance, study, finance, and the relationship with parents and friends. The outcomes were measured by the Social Problem-Solving Inventory-Revised (SPSI-R), Rosenberg Self-Esteem (RSE), and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). The data were analyzed by the SPSS WIN 12.0 program using Chi square test and independent t-test. Results: The experimental group showed significantly higher levels of problem solving ability (experimental group=11.47 +/- 2.49, control group=10.84 +/- 2.50, t=3.107, p=.003) and lower depression levels (experimental=24.84 +/- 8.89, control group=28.80 +/- 9.75, t=-2.62, p=.011) than the control group after completing the program. The levels of self-esteem of the experimental group were improved after the program but the changes in self-esteem were not reached to the significant levels when compared with those of control group (experimental group=25.50 +/- 3.80, control group=24.32 +/- 4.91, t=1.646, p=.104). Conclusion: The findings from this study showed that problem-solving program is very effective to reduce depression and increase problem solving ability among middle school girls with depression. Therefore, providing problem-solving program as an intervention to promote mental health of adolescents with depression should be considered.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleEffects of a Problem-Solving Program on Problem-Solving Ability, Self-Esteem, and Depression for Middle School Girls with Depressionen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/151871-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Effects of a Problem-Solving Program on Problem-Solving Ability, Self-Esteem, and Depression for Middle School Girls with Depression</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Lee, Haejung, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Pusan National University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">haejung@pusan.ac.kr</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Hwa Yoon Um, RN, BSN; Yeonjung Lim, RN, BSN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">21st INRC [Research Presentation] Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze effects of a problem-solving program on problem-solving ability, self-esteem, and depression for middle school girls with depression. Methods: This quasi-experimental study was designed with a nonequivalent control group pre-post test. The research participants were middle school girls (N=82; experimental group=32, control group=50) whose CES-D score was higher than 24. The problem solving program consisted of 10 sessions (90min/session) was composed of introduction, problem orientation, problem solving skills, case application, and ending. The contents of the problem solving program were related to appearance, study, finance, and the relationship with parents and friends. The outcomes were measured by the Social Problem-Solving Inventory-Revised (SPSI-R), Rosenberg Self-Esteem (RSE), and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). The data were analyzed by the SPSS WIN 12.0 program using Chi square test and independent t-test. Results: The experimental group showed significantly higher levels of problem solving ability (experimental group=11.47 +/- 2.49, control group=10.84 +/- 2.50, t=3.107, p=.003) and lower depression levels (experimental=24.84 +/- 8.89, control group=28.80 +/- 9.75, t=-2.62, p=.011) than the control group after completing the program. The levels of self-esteem of the experimental group were improved after the program but the changes in self-esteem were not reached to the significant levels when compared with those of control group (experimental group=25.50 +/- 3.80, control group=24.32 +/- 4.91, t=1.646, p=.104). Conclusion: The findings from this study showed that problem-solving program is very effective to reduce depression and increase problem solving ability among middle school girls with depression. Therefore, providing problem-solving program as an intervention to promote mental health of adolescents with depression should be considered.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:16:28Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:16:28Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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