2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/151895
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Self-Care Deficit for the Patients with Hypertension
Abstract:
Self-Care Deficit for the Patients with Hypertension
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2010
Author:Thrakul, Supunnee, MS, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Mahidol University
Title:Assistant Professor
Co-Authors:Petcharat Kerdonfag, MNS, RN
21st INRC [Research Presentation] Purpose: Hypertension (HT), a chronic-degenerative disease, is one of the most important risk factors in the development of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular sufferings. The aim of this study was to explore the self-care deficit for the patients with HT and to promote blood pressure control to prevent major complications. Methods: A descriptive survey of the patients diagnosed with HT was studied by using the questionnaire. The convenience sampling of 145 hypertensive patients, 56 males and 89 females, at the clinic HT in one hospital and one health center in the rural area of Thailand was done. Data were collected between January and February, 2006.  Blood pressure measurement and Body Mass Index have been assessed. The questionnaire consisted of three parts: (1) patient's history, (2) knowledge about HT, and (3) self-care deficit for HT. The frequency and percentage were used for data analysis.  Results: The result revealed that some hypertensive patients (20.7%) have complications with heart disease, diabetes mellitus, or renal failure. About 47% of overweight and 7% of obesity were found. Mean and SD. of systolic and diastolic blood pressure was 146.2 +/- 15.4 /88.1 +/- 10.4 mmHg with a maximum of 190/120 mmHg.  Most patients (60.7%) could not control their blood pressure with the criteria <140/90 mmHg (without complication) and <130/80 mmHg (with complications). Only thirty-eight (26.2%) patients gained knowledge about signs and symptoms of HT. However most hypertensive patients had self care deficit to reduce carbohydrate food (73.8%), fatty food (73.1%), and weight control (72.5%), respectively. Most patients (80.2%) knew severe complications of HT. Conclusion: The role of nurses in the rural area should focus on health education for self-care of HT to determine type of food taken and exercise. Primary prevention would be intervened for young people in order to reduce HT in the community.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleSelf-Care Deficit for the Patients with Hypertensionen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/151895-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Self-Care Deficit for the Patients with Hypertension</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Thrakul, Supunnee, MS, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Mahidol University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">sthrakul@hotmail.com</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Petcharat Kerdonfag, MNS, RN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">21st INRC [Research Presentation] Purpose: Hypertension (HT), a chronic-degenerative disease, is one of the most important risk factors in the development of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular sufferings. The aim of this study was to explore the self-care deficit for the patients with HT and to promote blood pressure control to prevent major complications. Methods: A descriptive survey of the patients diagnosed with HT was studied by using the questionnaire. The convenience sampling of 145 hypertensive patients, 56 males and 89 females, at the clinic HT in one hospital and one health center in the rural area of Thailand was done. Data were collected between January and February, 2006.&nbsp; Blood pressure measurement and Body Mass Index have been assessed. The questionnaire consisted of three parts: (1) patient's history, (2) knowledge about HT, and (3) self-care deficit for HT. The frequency and percentage were used for data analysis.&nbsp; Results: The result revealed that some hypertensive patients (20.7%) have complications with heart disease, diabetes mellitus, or renal failure. About 47% of overweight and 7% of obesity were found. Mean and SD. of systolic and diastolic blood pressure was 146.2 +/- 15.4 /88.1 +/- 10.4 mmHg with a maximum of 190/120 mmHg.&nbsp; Most patients (60.7%) could not control their blood pressure with the criteria &lt;140/90 mmHg (without complication) and &lt;130/80 mmHg (with complications). Only thirty-eight (26.2%) patients gained knowledge about signs and symptoms of HT. However most&nbsp;hypertensive patients had self care deficit to reduce carbohydrate food (73.8%), fatty food (73.1%),&nbsp;and weight control (72.5%), respectively. Most patients (80.2%) knew severe complications of HT. Conclusion: The role of nurses in the rural area should focus on health education for self-care&nbsp;of HT&nbsp;to&nbsp;determine&nbsp;type of food taken and exercise. Primary prevention would be intervened for young people in order to reduce HT in the community.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:17:16Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:17:16Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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