The Effect of Group Reminiscence on Older Adults' Depression in Shiraz Jahandidegan Center-2007

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152001
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Effect of Group Reminiscence on Older Adults' Depression in Shiraz Jahandidegan Center-2007
Abstract:
The Effect of Group Reminiscence on Older Adults' Depression in Shiraz Jahandidegan Center-2007
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2008
Author:Sharif, Farkhondeh, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Shiraz University Of Medical Sciences
Title:Associate Professor
Co-Authors:Amir Mansouri
[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] The effect of group reminiscence on depression of older adults in Shiraz Jahandidegan Center-2007 Background/objective: Depression is Prevalent among elderly and can have serious negative outcomes in this age group. Prescription of antidepressant medications for treatment of depression in elderly is very common. Antidepressant medications cause dangerous side effects without improving the underlying depression. Researches show that psychotherapy may be beneficial in treating depression in the elderly. One type of psychotherapy is participation of the elderly in reminiscence groups which has proved to be cost-effective relatively free from harmful effects. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of group reminiscence on depression of older adults in Shiraz jahandidegan center. Material/methods: a quasi-experimental design was conducted, using purposive sampling. Forty-nine elderly participated in the study and were assigned to five groups. The selected elders participated in six group reminiscence sessions that were held twice weekly for a three week period. A comparison was conducted with repeated measures of depression before, immediately, after and one month after the intervention. Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-SF) which consists of 15 items was used as a study instrument. Results: analysis of data revealed a significant decrease in depression in the elderly subjects immediately after and one month after intervention (p= 0.001). Conclusion: The result of this study showed that group reminiscence is a useful treatment for older people with depression. This intervention can provide a pleasant and supportive environment for the elders to work out challenges posed at this stage of their life cycle.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Effect of Group Reminiscence on Older Adults' Depression in Shiraz Jahandidegan Center-2007en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152001-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">The Effect of Group Reminiscence on Older Adults' Depression in Shiraz Jahandidegan Center-2007</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2008</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Sharif, Farkhondeh, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Shiraz University Of Medical Sciences</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">fsharif@sums.ac.ir</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Amir Mansouri</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] The effect of group reminiscence on depression of older adults in Shiraz Jahandidegan Center-2007 Background/objective: Depression is Prevalent among elderly and can have serious negative outcomes in this age group. Prescription of antidepressant medications for treatment of depression in elderly is very common. Antidepressant medications cause dangerous side effects without improving the underlying depression. Researches show that psychotherapy may be beneficial in treating depression in the elderly. One type of psychotherapy is participation of the elderly in reminiscence groups which has proved to be cost-effective relatively free from harmful effects. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of group reminiscence on depression of older adults in Shiraz jahandidegan center. Material/methods: a quasi-experimental design was conducted, using purposive sampling. Forty-nine elderly participated in the study and were assigned to five groups. The selected elders participated in six group reminiscence sessions that were held twice weekly for a three week period. A comparison was conducted with repeated measures of depression before, immediately, after and one month after the intervention. Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-SF) which consists of 15 items was used as a study instrument. Results: analysis of data revealed a significant decrease in depression in the elderly subjects immediately after and one month after intervention (p= 0.001). Conclusion: The result of this study showed that group reminiscence is a useful treatment for older people with depression. This intervention can provide a pleasant and supportive environment for the elders to work out challenges posed at this stage of their life cycle.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:20:48Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:20:48Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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