Effects of An Educational Intervention on Breast Cancer Screening and Early Detection in Vietnamese-American Women

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152047
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Effects of An Educational Intervention on Breast Cancer Screening and Early Detection in Vietnamese-American Women
Abstract:
Effects of An Educational Intervention on Breast Cancer Screening and Early Detection in Vietnamese-American Women
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2009
Author:Ho, Tuong-Vi, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Texas Woman's University
Title:Associate Clinical Professor
[Research Presentation] Purpose: This experimental two-group pretest-posttest study evaluate the effects of an educational intervention on breast cancer knowledge and health beliefs, breast self exam (BSE) knowledge, practices and confidence levels, mammogram activities, and clinical breast exam in a sample of 94 Vietnamese American women living in Houston and its vicinity. Methods: Using chi-square and one-way ANOVA, demographic data and the effects of the intervention were evaluated. The participants were randomized to control (n=41) and experimental (n=53) groups. The Health Belief Model was used as the conceptual framework. Components of Leininger's transcultural nursing theory were incorporated into the design of the educational intervention. Results: Perceived seriousness [F (1,91) 11, p < 0.01] and perceived benefit [F (1,91) 11, p < 0.01)] were found to be significantly different between the 2 groups. Three months after the intervention, there were significant increases in the level of BSE knowledge [F (1,92) = 8.45, p = 0.005], level of confidence in performing BSE [F (1,91) = 1.54, p = 0.009], and a higher self-report of BSE practice [X2 = (1,N = 94) = 7.27, p = 0.007]. There was a significant change noted within the experimental group in breast cancer knowledge [F (1,98) = 13.94, p < 0.001]. There were no significant changes found between the control and intervention groups in respect to breast cancer knowledge [F (1,91) = 1.7, p = 0.2], self-reported mammogram activities [X2 (1, N = 74) = 0.16, p = 0.90], and self-reported clinical breast exam [X2 (1,N = 88) = 0.98, p = 0.32].  Conclusion: These findings indicated a culturally sensitive educational intervention could have a positive impact on the health beliefs and practices related to screening and early detection of breast cancer in this population. Longitudinal studies are needed to evaluate the impact of the educational intervention over time.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleEffects of An Educational Intervention on Breast Cancer Screening and Early Detection in Vietnamese-American Womenen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152047-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Effects of An Educational Intervention on Breast Cancer Screening and Early Detection in Vietnamese-American Women</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Ho, Tuong-Vi, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Texas Woman's University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Clinical Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">vho03@yahoo.com</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] Purpose: This experimental two-group pretest-posttest study evaluate the effects of an educational intervention on breast cancer knowledge and health beliefs, breast self exam (BSE) knowledge, practices and confidence levels, mammogram activities, and clinical breast exam in a sample of 94 Vietnamese American women living in Houston and its vicinity. Methods: Using chi-square and one-way ANOVA, demographic data and the effects of the intervention were evaluated. The participants were randomized to control (n=41) and experimental (n=53) groups. The Health Belief Model was used as the conceptual framework. Components of Leininger's transcultural nursing theory were incorporated into the design of the educational intervention. Results: Perceived seriousness [F (1,91) 11, p &lt; 0.01] and perceived benefit [F (1,91) 11, p &lt; 0.01)] were found to be significantly different between the 2 groups. Three months after the intervention, there were significant increases in the level of BSE knowledge [F (1,92) = 8.45, p = 0.005], level of confidence in performing BSE [F (1,91) = 1.54, p = 0.009], and a higher self-report of BSE practice [X2 = (1,N = 94) = 7.27, p = 0.007]. There was a significant change noted within the experimental group in breast cancer knowledge [F (1,98) = 13.94, p &lt; 0.001]. There were no significant changes found between the control and intervention groups in respect to breast cancer knowledge [F (1,91) = 1.7, p = 0.2], self-reported mammogram activities [X2 (1, N = 74) = 0.16, p = 0.90], and self-reported clinical breast exam [X2 (1,N = 88) = 0.98, p = 0.32].&nbsp; Conclusion: These findings indicated a culturally sensitive educational intervention could have a positive impact on the health beliefs and practices related to screening and early detection of breast cancer in this population. Longitudinal studies are needed to evaluate the impact of the educational intervention over time.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:22:21Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:22:21Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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