2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152076
Type:
Presentation
Title:
A Global Perspective of Antimicrobial Resistance
Abstract:
A Global Perspective of Antimicrobial Resistance
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2009
Author:Siegel, Jeanne, PhD, ARNP, BC
P.I. Institution Name:University of Miami School of Nursing and Health Studies
Title:Assistant Professor
Co-Authors:Mary Wyckoff, PhD, MSN, ACNP, BC, APRN, BC, CCNS, CCRN
[Evidence-based Practice Session Presentation] Purpose This session will provide an overview of the epidemiology of antimicrobial resistance on a global scale.  Multi-drug resistant organisms are prevalent in most countries.  These infections cause severe illness, especially hospital acquired infections (HAI) in acutely ill patient populations.  Choosing appropriate antimicrobial therapy has become increasingly complex as more  choices become available, even in developing nations.  Multiple factors affect the choice of agent, and resistance forces vary widely between clinical settings, patient populations, and geographic areas. Advanced practice nurses and other clinicians need to understand the cellular mechanisms through which bacteria become resistant to antimicrobial agents and how patient care practices affect resistance within individual patients and within the clinical environment.  Methods From 2000-2008 data was collected through culture results, speciation, and sensitivity.  Antibiograms were developed and analyzed to identify trends in antibiotic resistance. This important resource identified multidrug resistant strains and trends facilitating the decision for  prescribing empiric antibiotic therapy. Appropriate empiric therapy is essential to treat infections correctly and quickly to decrease mortality. Results  This session will provide participants with research-based recommendations on how to manage the use of antimicrobial agents, minimize HAI infections in acutely-ill patients, and responsibly care for patients in an age of widespread bacterial resistance to antimicrobial agents.  The primary focus will be on the most common sources of hospital acquired infection in acutely ill patient populations, which are pneumonia (both hospital and ventilator acquired), catheter-related or associated bloodstream infection, and urinary tract infection.  Conclusion Key points in the early identification of these dangerous infections and appropriate diagnostic techniques will be discussed for each of the listed infections Recommendations will include description of evidence-based guidelines from professional societies, as well as provision of multiple resources both in print and online through which participants may gain knowledge of the state of the science of this important topic.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleA Global Perspective of Antimicrobial Resistanceen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152076-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">A Global Perspective of Antimicrobial Resistance</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Siegel, Jeanne, PhD, ARNP, BC</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Miami School of Nursing and Health Studies</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">jsiegel@miami.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Mary Wyckoff, PhD, MSN, ACNP, BC, APRN, BC, CCNS, CCRN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Evidence-based Practice Session Presentation] Purpose This session will provide an overview of the epidemiology of antimicrobial resistance on a global scale.&nbsp; Multi-drug resistant organisms are prevalent in most countries.&nbsp; These infections cause severe illness, especially hospital acquired infections (HAI) in acutely ill patient populations.&nbsp; Choosing appropriate antimicrobial therapy has become increasingly complex as more &nbsp;choices become available, even in developing nations.&nbsp; Multiple factors affect the choice of agent, and resistance forces vary widely between clinical settings, patient populations, and geographic areas.&nbsp;Advanced practice nurses and other clinicians need to understand the cellular mechanisms through which bacteria become resistant to antimicrobial agents and how patient care practices affect resistance within individual patients and within the clinical environment.&nbsp; Methods From 2000-2008 data was collected through culture results, speciation, and sensitivity.&nbsp; Antibiograms were developed and analyzed to identify trends in antibiotic resistance. This important resource identified multidrug resistant strains and trends facilitating the decision for&nbsp; prescribing empiric antibiotic therapy. Appropriate empiric therapy is essential to treat infections correctly and quickly to decrease mortality. Results&nbsp; This session will provide participants with research-based recommendations on how to manage the use of antimicrobial agents, minimize HAI infections in acutely-ill patients, and responsibly care for patients in an age of widespread bacterial resistance to antimicrobial agents.&nbsp; The primary focus will be on the most common sources of hospital acquired infection in acutely ill patient populations, which are pneumonia (both hospital and ventilator acquired), catheter-related or associated bloodstream infection, and urinary tract infection.&nbsp; Conclusion&nbsp;Key points in the early identification of these dangerous infections and appropriate diagnostic techniques will be discussed for each of the listed infections Recommendations will include description of evidence-based guidelines from professional societies, as well as provision of multiple resources both in print and online through which participants may gain knowledge of the state of the science of this important topic.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:23:19Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:23:19Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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