2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152081
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Genetic Counseling for Hypertension among African-American Women
Abstract:
Genetic Counseling for Hypertension among African-American Women
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2009
Author:Taylor, Jacquelyn, PhD, PNP-BC, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Yale University
Title:Assistant Professor
[Research Presentation] Purpose: Genetic counseling research has been used for diseases such as breast cancer, but its use for hypertension has been understudied. African American women have the highest prevalence of hypertension than any other gender or ethnic group. Because hypertension and related cardiovascular sequela profoundly impact the health of African American women, providing genetic counseling for hypertension is important to determine risk and provide early interventions. The purpose of this study is to examine lifestyle changes among urban African American women prior to and following genetic counseling for hypertension. Methods: This study was part of a larger study that was expanded to offer participants an opportunity to take part in a follow-up that measured changes in lifestyle behaviors after genetic counseling intervention. The present study included 98 African American women who completed the genetic counseling follow-up. Genetic counseling consisted of drawing a family pedigree and using a punnet square game. Specific lifestyle factors included changes in physical activity, sodium intake, and body mass index on systolic and diastolic blood pressure and pulse pressure. Results: Results of this study indicated that systolic and diastolic blood pressure readings and pulse pressure decreased six months after genetic counseling, although findings were not statistically significant. Body mass index remained relatively unchanged after genetic counseling, but minutes of physical activity was reported to have increased, although not significantly. A statistically significant decrease in sodium intake (p=.033) was noted from baseline to 6-month  after genetic counseling. Conclusion: Although most changes in lifestyle behaviors (except sodium), blood pressure, and pulse pressure readings did not differ significantly from baseline, a positive change in health is important and worth noting. Further studies on genetic counseling for hypertension with longer follow-up periods are needed to determine the effectiveness of genetic counseling on changes in lifestyle behaviors and blood pressure readings.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleGenetic Counseling for Hypertension among African-American Womenen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152081-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Genetic Counseling for Hypertension among African-American Women</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Taylor, Jacquelyn, PhD, PNP-BC, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Yale University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">jacquelyn.taylor@yale.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] Purpose: Genetic counseling research has been used for diseases such as breast cancer, but its use for hypertension has been understudied. African American women have the highest prevalence of hypertension than any other gender or ethnic group. Because hypertension and related cardiovascular sequela profoundly impact the health of African American women, providing genetic counseling for hypertension is important to determine risk and provide early interventions. The purpose of this study is to examine lifestyle changes among urban African American women prior to and following genetic counseling for hypertension. Methods: This study was part of a larger study that was expanded to offer participants an opportunity to take part in a follow-up that measured changes in lifestyle behaviors after genetic counseling intervention. The present study included 98 African American women who completed the genetic counseling follow-up. Genetic counseling consisted of drawing a family pedigree and using a punnet square game. Specific lifestyle factors included changes in physical activity, sodium intake, and body mass index on systolic and diastolic blood pressure and pulse pressure. Results: Results of this study indicated that systolic and diastolic blood pressure readings and pulse pressure decreased six months after genetic counseling, although findings were not statistically significant. Body mass index remained relatively unchanged after genetic counseling, but minutes of physical activity was reported to have increased, although not significantly. A statistically significant decrease in sodium intake (p=.033) was noted from baseline to 6-month&nbsp; after genetic counseling. Conclusion: Although most changes in lifestyle behaviors (except sodium), blood pressure, and pulse pressure readings did not differ significantly from baseline, a positive change in health is important and worth noting. Further studies on genetic counseling for hypertension with longer follow-up periods are needed to determine the effectiveness of genetic counseling on changes in lifestyle behaviors and blood pressure readings.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:23:29Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:23:29Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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