Self-Care Behaviors Related to Glycemic Control in Mexican Adults with Type 2 Diabetes

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152102
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Self-Care Behaviors Related to Glycemic Control in Mexican Adults with Type 2 Diabetes
Abstract:
Self-Care Behaviors Related to Glycemic Control in Mexican Adults with Type 2 Diabetes
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2010
Author:Compean, Lidia G., PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Autonomous University of Tamaulipas
Title:Researcher Professor
Co-Authors:Eunice Resendiz, PhD; Luz Maria Quintero, MSN; Esther C. Gallegos, PhD
21st INRC [Research Presentation] Purpose: To determine self-care behaviors related to glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes; and to identify the influence of some demographical and cognitive variables in self-care behaviors. Methods: It was a correlational study in 17 Health Community Centers in Tampico Tamaulipas Mexico in registered adults with type 2 diabetes. Randomized stratified sampling was used, a sample size with a confidence of 95%, and a power of 90% (135 participants). ÿExclusion criteria were: psychiatric disorders and any problem of senses. For data collection there were used the Self-Care Activities questionnaire, Diabetes Care Profile, Beck Depression Inventory, Trial A and B tests and biochemical variables (HbA1c, fast blood glucose, cholesterol and triglycerides). For data analysis there were calculated central tendency measures, Spearman correlation and multivariate analysis. Results: It was found a self-care behaviors index of 43.50 (DE =15.39). Medication showed the highest index (X = 80.66, DE = 29.87) and glucose monitoring the lowest (X = 7.09, DE = 14.44). Glycemic control was poor in all patients (HbA1cÿ> 7%). It was found a significant negative relationship between self-care behaviors and fasting blood glucose (rs= -.223, p = .009) and a positive relationship between self-care behaviorsÿÿand comprehension of previous education in diabetes (rs= .223, p = .009). Exercise (rs= -.176, p = .042) and medication (rs= -.296,ÿÿp = .001) were negatively related with blood glucose. ÿMultivariate analysis showed that variables like cognitive performance, depression and previous education/comprehension of diabetes influence self-care behaviors (p < .05). Conclusion: Findings of this research lead suggest that in this population poor glycemic control is a real problem related with self-care behaviors, thus new schema of education in diabetes through multidisciplinary cognitive interventions need to be applied in order to improve self-care and prevent and delay chronic complications of diabetes.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleSelf-Care Behaviors Related to Glycemic Control in Mexican Adults with Type 2 Diabetesen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152102-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Self-Care Behaviors Related to Glycemic Control in Mexican Adults with Type 2 Diabetes</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Compean, Lidia G., PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Autonomous University of Tamaulipas</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Researcher Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">lidiacomp@hotmail.com</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Eunice Resendiz, PhD; Luz Maria Quintero, MSN; Esther C. Gallegos, PhD</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">21st INRC [Research Presentation] Purpose: To determine self-care behaviors related to glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes; and to identify the influence of some demographical and cognitive variables in self-care behaviors. Methods: It was a correlational study in 17 Health Community Centers in Tampico Tamaulipas Mexico in registered adults with type 2 diabetes. Randomized stratified sampling was used, a sample size with a confidence of 95%, and a power of 90% (135 participants). &yuml;Exclusion criteria were: psychiatric disorders and any problem of senses. For data collection there were used the Self-Care Activities questionnaire, Diabetes Care Profile, Beck Depression Inventory, Trial A and B tests and biochemical variables (HbA1c, fast blood glucose, cholesterol and triglycerides). For data analysis there were calculated central tendency measures, Spearman correlation and multivariate analysis. Results: It was found a self-care behaviors index of 43.50 (DE =15.39). Medication showed the highest index (X = 80.66, DE = 29.87) and glucose monitoring the lowest (X = 7.09, DE = 14.44). Glycemic control was poor in all patients (HbA1c&yuml;&gt; 7%). It was found a significant negative relationship between self-care behaviors and fasting blood glucose (rs= -.223, p = .009) and a positive relationship between self-care behaviors&yuml;&yuml;and comprehension of previous education in diabetes (rs= .223, p = .009). Exercise (rs= -.176, p = .042) and medication (rs= -.296,&yuml;&yuml;p = .001) were negatively related with blood glucose. &yuml;Multivariate analysis showed that variables like cognitive performance, depression and previous education/comprehension of diabetes influence self-care behaviors (p &lt; .05). Conclusion: Findings of this research lead suggest that in this population poor glycemic control is a real problem related with self-care behaviors, thus new schema of education in diabetes through multidisciplinary cognitive interventions need to be applied in order to improve self-care and prevent and delay chronic complications of diabetes.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:24:11Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:24:11Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.