Exploring the Effects of Therapeutic Massage and Patient Teaching in the Practice of Diaphragmatic Breathing on Blood Pressure, Stress and Anxiety in Hypertensive African-American Women: An Intervention Study

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152119
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Exploring the Effects of Therapeutic Massage and Patient Teaching in the Practice of Diaphragmatic Breathing on Blood Pressure, Stress and Anxiety in Hypertensive African-American Women: An Intervention Study
Abstract:
Exploring the Effects of Therapeutic Massage and Patient Teaching in the Practice of Diaphragmatic Breathing on Blood Pressure, Stress and Anxiety in Hypertensive African-American Women: An Intervention Study
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2010
Author:Jefferson, Lenetra Leiselle, PhD, RN, LMT, (NCTMB)
P.I. Institution Name:Dillard University
Title:Assistant Professor
21st INRC [Research Presentation] Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine how therapeutic chair massage and patient teaching in diaphragmatic breathing affected African American women's blood pressure, stress, and anxiety levels over one week or six weeks time periods. Methods: Group one received the therapeutic chair massage intervention, n=17 with a set of initial measurements (blood pressure, stress [Perceived Stress Scale], and anxiety levels [State Trait Anxiety Inventory]). A second set of measurements (blood pressure, stress and anxiety levels) was performed at six weeks post intervention. Group two received patient teaching in the practice of diaphragmatic breathing n= 17, and initial measurements with a second set of measurements performed at six weeks post patient teaching. Group three received the therapeutic chair massage intervention, n = 17, and a set of initial measurements with a second set of measurements performed at one week post intervention. Group four received patient teaching in the practice of diaphragmatic breathing, n=17, and an initial set of measurements with the second set of measurements performed at one week post patient teaching. A multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and multivariate analysis of variance with covariate (MANCOVA) was used to analyze the research questions. Results: The results of this analysis showed a statistical significance for systolic blood pressure level for Group three for the one week post intervention measurement with p =.009. An additional significance was discovered in analysis of the therapeutic chair massage versus patient teaching groups for Roy's Largest Root with p = .03. Conclusion: Blood pressure, stress and anxiety levels in African American women diagnosed with hypertension can be influenced by intervention therapeutic chair massage; however, further studies are needed to validate more direct results of these types of interventions.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleExploring the Effects of Therapeutic Massage and Patient Teaching in the Practice of Diaphragmatic Breathing on Blood Pressure, Stress and Anxiety in Hypertensive African-American Women: An Intervention Studyen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152119-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Exploring the Effects of Therapeutic Massage and Patient Teaching in the Practice of Diaphragmatic Breathing on Blood Pressure, Stress and Anxiety in Hypertensive African-American Women: An Intervention Study</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Jefferson, Lenetra Leiselle, PhD, RN, LMT, (NCTMB)</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Dillard University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">llj1995@aol.com</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">21st INRC [Research Presentation] Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine how therapeutic chair massage and patient teaching in diaphragmatic breathing affected African American women's blood pressure, stress, and anxiety levels over one week or six weeks time periods. Methods: Group one received the therapeutic chair massage intervention, n=17 with a set of initial measurements (blood pressure, stress [Perceived Stress Scale], and anxiety levels [State Trait Anxiety Inventory]). A second set of measurements (blood pressure, stress and anxiety levels) was performed at six weeks post intervention. Group two received patient teaching in the practice of diaphragmatic breathing n= 17, and initial measurements with a second set of measurements performed at six weeks post patient teaching. Group three received the therapeutic chair massage intervention, n = 17, and a set of initial measurements with a second set of measurements performed at one week post intervention. Group four received patient teaching in the practice of diaphragmatic breathing, n=17, and an initial set of measurements with the second set of measurements performed at one week post patient teaching. A multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and multivariate analysis of variance with covariate (MANCOVA) was used to analyze the research questions. Results: The results of this analysis showed a statistical significance for systolic blood pressure level for Group three for the one week post intervention measurement with p =.009. An additional significance was discovered in analysis of the therapeutic chair massage versus patient teaching groups for Roy's Largest Root with p = .03. Conclusion: Blood pressure, stress and anxiety levels in African American women diagnosed with hypertension can be influenced by intervention therapeutic chair massage; however, further studies are needed to validate more direct results of these types of interventions.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:24:44Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:24:44Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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