Effects of a Self-Help Group Intervention on Diabetes-Related Self-Efficacy, Glycemic Control, and Psychological Well-Being in Korean with Type 2 Diabetes

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152222
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Effects of a Self-Help Group Intervention on Diabetes-Related Self-Efficacy, Glycemic Control, and Psychological Well-Being in Korean with Type 2 Diabetes
Abstract:
Effects of a Self-Help Group Intervention on Diabetes-Related Self-Efficacy, Glycemic Control, and Psychological Well-Being in Korean with Type 2 Diabetes
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2008
Author:Kim, Eun-Young, PhD, MPH, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Kangwon National University
Title:Assistant Professor
[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] It has been recognised that adoption of self-management skills by the person with diabetes is necessary in order to manage their diabetes. However, the most effective method for delivering education and teaching self-management skills is unclear. To assess the effects of self-help intervention on clinical, lifestyle and psycho-social outcomes in people with type 2 diabetes. Eligible adults with type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned to receive either diabetes education counseling only (control group) or diabetes self-help group intervention (intervention group). Of the 45 patients who completed the study, 23 were in the counseling only and 22 in the diabetes self-help group intervention. The self-help group consisted of six weekly sessions covering aspects of diabetes self-care for continuing education, discussion, and structured social activities. Outcomes included changes in glycemic control, weight, BMI (Body Mass Index), knowledge, self-management behaviors, medication adherence, depression, diabetes related self-efficacy, and health-related quality of life. We used paired t-tests to compare results within groups and analysis of covariance to compare outcomes between groups adjusting for baseline measures. Significant improvements from baseline to 6 weeks were observed in measures of glycemic control, weight, knowledge, self-management behaviors, medication adherence, depression, diabetes related self-efficacy, and health-related quality of life in the intervention group. The findings provide preliminary evidence that diabetes self-help group intervention can have benefits on glycemic control, weight, knowledge, self-management behaviors, medication adherence, depression, diabetes related self-efficacy, and health-related quality of life for diabetes patients. However, larger longitudinal studies are needed to determine the most efficacious self-management method to sustain long-term glycemic control and psychological well-being.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleEffects of a Self-Help Group Intervention on Diabetes-Related Self-Efficacy, Glycemic Control, and Psychological Well-Being in Korean with Type 2 Diabetesen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152222-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Effects of a Self-Help Group Intervention on Diabetes-Related Self-Efficacy, Glycemic Control, and Psychological Well-Being in Korean with Type 2 Diabetes</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2008</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Kim, Eun-Young, PhD, MPH, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Kangwon National University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">eykim@kangwon.ac.kr</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] It has been recognised that adoption of self-management skills by the person with diabetes is necessary in order to manage their diabetes. However, the most effective method for delivering education and teaching self-management skills is unclear. To assess the effects of self-help intervention on clinical, lifestyle and psycho-social outcomes in people with type 2 diabetes. Eligible adults with type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned to receive either diabetes education counseling only (control group) or diabetes self-help group intervention (intervention group). Of the 45 patients who completed the study, 23 were in the counseling only and 22 in the diabetes self-help group intervention. The self-help group consisted of six weekly sessions covering aspects of diabetes self-care for continuing education, discussion, and structured social activities. Outcomes included changes in glycemic control, weight, BMI (Body Mass Index), knowledge, self-management behaviors, medication adherence, depression, diabetes related self-efficacy, and health-related quality of life. We used paired t-tests to compare results within groups and analysis of covariance to compare outcomes between groups adjusting for baseline measures. Significant improvements from baseline to 6 weeks were observed in measures of glycemic control, weight, knowledge, self-management behaviors, medication adherence, depression, diabetes related self-efficacy, and health-related quality of life in the intervention group. The findings provide preliminary evidence that diabetes self-help group intervention can have benefits on glycemic control, weight, knowledge, self-management behaviors, medication adherence, depression, diabetes related self-efficacy, and health-related quality of life for diabetes patients. However, larger longitudinal studies are needed to determine the most efficacious self-management method to sustain long-term glycemic control and psychological well-being.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:28:18Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:28:18Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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