Predictors of Health-Related Quality of Life Six Months after Traumatic Injury

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152230
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Predictors of Health-Related Quality of Life Six Months after Traumatic Injury
Abstract:
Predictors of Health-Related Quality of Life Six Months after Traumatic Injury
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2008
Author:Lee, Bih-O, MSN, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Chung Hwa University of Medical Technology
Title:Assistant Professor
Co-Authors:Wendy Chaboyer, PhD; Marianne Wallis, PhD, RN, BN
[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] Design and method: A prospective predictive study, using a survey design was undertaken to identify the predictors of HRQOL. Telephone interviews were conducted six months after hospital discharge. Demographic, clinical data and two scales, the Chinese Illness Perception Questionnaire Revised (IPQ-R) (Trauma) and the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 (SF-36), were used in this study. Simultaneous multiple regressions were used to identify the predictors of HRQOL. Findings: A total of 114 participants completed the survey. The illness representations that scored the highest were Illness Coherence, Controllability and Consequences. The average SF-36 Physical Summary Score and Mental Summary Score were lower than the Taiwanese SF-36 norm score. Significant predictors of the Physical Summary Score were Identity and Timeline (acute/chronic), and for the Mental Summary Score they were Identity, Emotional representations and Timeline (acute/chronic). Demographic and clinical characteristics did not predict HRQOL in patients with traumatic injury six months after traumatic injury. Conclusions: Illness representations can be used to predict HRQOL six months after traumatic injury. These findings help nurses to understand illness perceptions of patients with traumatic injury, and it provides one foundation for interventional program based on guiding patients toward to have positive cognitive representations and better HRQOL following traumatic injury. Clinical Relevance: By understanding patients' illness representations, nurses could provide information related to post-injury care to help patients reduce inconsistent representations between their expectations and the real situations. By helping patients understand the important role of early interventions may play in their recovery, clinicians may help patients develop more positive cognitive representations.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePredictors of Health-Related Quality of Life Six Months after Traumatic Injuryen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152230-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Predictors of Health-Related Quality of Life Six Months after Traumatic Injury</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2008</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Lee, Bih-O, MSN, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Chung Hwa University of Medical Technology</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">bih-olee@mail.hwai.edu.tw</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Wendy Chaboyer, PhD; Marianne Wallis, PhD, RN, BN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] Design and method: A prospective predictive study, using a survey design was undertaken to identify the predictors of HRQOL. Telephone interviews were conducted six months after hospital discharge. Demographic, clinical data and two scales, the Chinese Illness Perception Questionnaire Revised (IPQ-R) (Trauma) and the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 (SF-36), were used in this study. Simultaneous multiple regressions were used to identify the predictors of HRQOL. Findings: A total of 114 participants completed the survey. The illness representations that scored the highest were Illness Coherence, Controllability and Consequences. The average SF-36 Physical Summary Score and Mental Summary Score were lower than the Taiwanese SF-36 norm score. Significant predictors of the Physical Summary Score were Identity and Timeline (acute/chronic), and for the Mental Summary Score they were Identity, Emotional representations and Timeline (acute/chronic). Demographic and clinical characteristics did not predict HRQOL in patients with traumatic injury six months after traumatic injury. Conclusions: Illness representations can be used to predict HRQOL six months after traumatic injury. These findings help nurses to understand illness perceptions of patients with traumatic injury, and it provides one foundation for interventional program based on guiding patients toward to have positive cognitive representations and better HRQOL following traumatic injury. Clinical Relevance: By understanding patients' illness representations, nurses could provide information related to post-injury care to help patients reduce inconsistent representations between their expectations and the real situations. By helping patients understand the important role of early interventions may play in their recovery, clinicians may help patients develop more positive cognitive representations.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:28:34Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:28:34Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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