The Relationship among Body Image, Depression and Weight in African-American Women

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152244
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Relationship among Body Image, Depression and Weight in African-American Women
Abstract:
The Relationship among Body Image, Depression and Weight in African-American Women
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2008
Author:Nelson, Michelle Alyson, RN, MS, FNP
P.I. Institution Name:Emory University
Title:Doctoral Candidate
Co-Authors:Ora Lea Strickland, PhD, RN, FAAN
[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] Background: Obesity has become a disease of epidemic proportions. African-American women (AAW) have disproportionately higher rates of obesity and depression when compared to other groups of women. Cultural factors, body image and depression have been purported to separately influence the weight of AAW. However, there are no studies investigating the influence of various cultural factors, female and their African-American male partner's perceptions of body image, and depression on weight among AAW. It is important to understand the roles perceptions of body image and depression play in the relationship between cultural factors and weight. Understanding these dynamics could facilitate the development of more effective weight control and maintenance strategies for AAW. Data and Methods: Data were obtained from 45 male-female dyads from a community setting in Atlanta, Georgia. Measures for cultural factors, body image, and depression included the Weight Perceptions and Control Scale, Partner Perceptions of a Woman's Weight Scale, Beliefs Regarding Weight Scale and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale as well as the Future Time Perspective Inventory and Cardiac Diet and Exercise Self-Efficacy Instruments. Spearman's Rho and Pearson's correlations, and hierarchical multiple regression analyses will be conducted. Findings: Significant relationships are anticipated among the various cultural factors, male and female perceptions of body image, depression and weight in AAW. The independent variables also will be assessed as predictors for the dependent variable. Body image will be assessed as a mediating variable between cultural factors and weight. Implications: In an effort to decrease or prevent the prevalence of obesity and depression in this population, the nature of the relationships between cultural factors, body image, depression and weight will be elucidated. These findings could indicate the importance of and need for interventions that incorporate these psychosocial factors and provide information that will fill the gaps in the literature specific to AAW.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Relationship among Body Image, Depression and Weight in African-American Womenen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152244-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">The Relationship among Body Image, Depression and Weight in African-American Women</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2008</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Nelson, Michelle Alyson, RN, MS, FNP</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Emory University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Doctoral Candidate</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">manelso@emory.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Ora Lea Strickland, PhD, RN, FAAN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] Background: Obesity has become a disease of epidemic proportions. African-American women (AAW) have disproportionately higher rates of obesity and depression when compared to other groups of women. Cultural factors, body image and depression have been purported to separately influence the weight of AAW. However, there are no studies investigating the influence of various cultural factors, female and their African-American male partner's perceptions of body image, and depression on weight among AAW. It is important to understand the roles perceptions of body image and depression play in the relationship between cultural factors and weight. Understanding these dynamics could facilitate the development of more effective weight control and maintenance strategies for AAW. Data and Methods: Data were obtained from 45 male-female dyads from a community setting in Atlanta, Georgia. Measures for cultural factors, body image, and depression included the Weight Perceptions and Control Scale, Partner Perceptions of a Woman's Weight Scale, Beliefs Regarding Weight Scale and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale as well as the Future Time Perspective Inventory and Cardiac Diet and Exercise Self-Efficacy Instruments. Spearman's Rho and Pearson's correlations, and hierarchical multiple regression analyses will be conducted. Findings: Significant relationships are anticipated among the various cultural factors, male and female perceptions of body image, depression and weight in AAW. The independent variables also will be assessed as predictors for the dependent variable. Body image will be assessed as a mediating variable between cultural factors and weight. Implications: In an effort to decrease or prevent the prevalence of obesity and depression in this population, the nature of the relationships between cultural factors, body image, depression and weight will be elucidated. These findings could indicate the importance of and need for interventions that incorporate these psychosocial factors and provide information that will fill the gaps in the literature specific to AAW.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:29:05Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:29:05Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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