A Health Education Intervention: Homeless Women's Knowledge about Hepatitis and Intent to Change Health Behaviors

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152311
Type:
Presentation
Title:
A Health Education Intervention: Homeless Women's Knowledge about Hepatitis and Intent to Change Health Behaviors
Abstract:
A Health Education Intervention: Homeless Women's Knowledge about Hepatitis and Intent to Change Health Behaviors
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2007
Author:Callahan, Amy, N/A
P.I. Institution Name:University of Arizona
Title:BSN Honors Student
[Research Presentation] Purpose/Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate what homeless women know about hepatitis and to determine if a health intervention class focused on hepatitis increased their knowledge about hepatitis. The study also examined the subjectsÆ intent to participate in behaviors to prevent hepatitis after the teaching intervention. Rationale/Background: Homelessness and hepatitis are both prevalent problems in the world today and little research has addressed what homeless women know about hepatitis and related risk factors. In the United States, the Center for Disease Control estimated that in 2003 there were 61,000 new cases of hepatitis A, 73,000 new cases of hepatitis B, and 30,000 new cases of hepatitis C. Hepatitis is a threat to homeless women because they may participate in behaviors that put them at risk for hepatitis and have a lack of access to primary healthcare. Methods: The study was a secondary data analysis. The sample included 59 women living in residential shelters for homeless women in the Southwestern United States. Data was collected by having the participants take a pre-test before the teaching intervention and post-test following the intervention. The data was analyzed using paired t-tests and Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient. Outcomes: Results were significant for improvement in hepatitis knowledge score and intent to participate in behaviors aimed at preventing hepatitis. Results were not significant for a relationship between education level and the hepatitis knowledge score on the pre-test. Conclusions/Implications: A major focus of nursing today is disease prevention and health promotion. This study examined the effectiveness of education as a means of disease prevention and health promotion, and discovered that education was effective at improving knowledge about hepatitis as well as behaviors aimed at the prevention of hepatitis. This study also helps to advance nursing by investigating what homeless women know about hepatitis.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleA Health Education Intervention: Homeless Women's Knowledge about Hepatitis and Intent to Change Health Behaviorsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152311-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">A Health Education Intervention: Homeless Women's Knowledge about Hepatitis and Intent to Change Health Behaviors</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Callahan, Amy, N/A</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Arizona</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">BSN Honors Student</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">amy.callahan@yahoo.com</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] Purpose/Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate what homeless women know about hepatitis and to determine if a health intervention class focused on hepatitis increased their knowledge about hepatitis. The study also examined the subjects&AElig; intent to participate in behaviors to prevent hepatitis after the teaching intervention. Rationale/Background: Homelessness and hepatitis are both prevalent problems in the world today and little research has addressed what homeless women know about hepatitis and related risk factors. In the United States, the Center for Disease Control estimated that in 2003 there were 61,000 new cases of hepatitis A, 73,000 new cases of hepatitis B, and 30,000 new cases of hepatitis C. Hepatitis is a threat to homeless women because they may participate in behaviors that put them at risk for hepatitis and have a lack of access to primary healthcare. Methods: The study was a secondary data analysis. The sample included 59 women living in residential shelters for homeless women in the Southwestern United States. Data was collected by having the participants take a pre-test before the teaching intervention and post-test following the intervention. The data was analyzed using paired t-tests and Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient. Outcomes: Results were significant for improvement in hepatitis knowledge score and intent to participate in behaviors aimed at preventing hepatitis. Results were not significant for a relationship between education level and the hepatitis knowledge score on the pre-test. Conclusions/Implications: A major focus of nursing today is disease prevention and health promotion. This study examined the effectiveness of education as a means of disease prevention and health promotion, and discovered that education was effective at improving knowledge about hepatitis as well as behaviors aimed at the prevention of hepatitis. This study also helps to advance nursing by investigating what homeless women know about hepatitis.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:31:33Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:31:33Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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