Prevalence and contributing factors of feeding difficulties among dementia people in Taiwan

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152316
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Prevalence and contributing factors of feeding difficulties among dementia people in Taiwan
Abstract:
Prevalence and contributing factors of feeding difficulties among dementia people in Taiwan
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2007
Author:Chang, Chia-Chi, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Taipei Medical University
Title:Assistant Professor
Co-Authors:Hsiao-ching Liu, RN, MS
[Research Presentation] Feeding difficulties among dementia patients has been identified in western society (Watson, 1993; Watson, 2002) and is a major reason for the high risk of malnutrition (Durnbaugh, Haley, & Roberts, 1996; Berry & Marcus, 2000; Wasson, Tate, & Hayes, 2001). This study was designed to investigate the prevalence rates and associated factors of feeding difficulties among dementia population in Taiwan by using multiple methods including mealtime observations, paper-pencil questionnaires, and physical examinations. There were 93 dementia elderly participated in this study. The results were found that about 20% to 50% of dementia elderly at least sometimes having one item of feeding problems according to EdFED (Edinburgh Feeding Evaluation in Dementia) scales. In additional, the higher scores of EdFED indicated higher difficulties with the range 0-22, the mean scores of EdFED were 6.5 (SD=5.2). According to the Person correlations, the EdFED scores of dementia elderly were associated with the duration of diagnosis (r=0.32,p<0.01),the SPMSQ scores (r=-0.37,p<0.01),the ADL scores (r=-0.57,p<0.01) and the swallowing difficulties (r=0.75,p<0.01).The feeding difficulties were significantly associated with cognitive function, ADL function and swallowing difficulties. Therefore, reducing the feeding difficulty could promote their cognitive function and improve their ADL. The results of this study help health professionals to gain better understanding of feeding difficulties and associated factors of dementia elderly and provide directions of developing future nutritional interventions or training programs in order to maintain the quality of life in institutionalized people with dementia.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePrevalence and contributing factors of feeding difficulties among dementia people in Taiwanen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152316-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Prevalence and contributing factors of feeding difficulties among dementia people in Taiwan</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Chang, Chia-Chi, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Taipei Medical University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">cchang@tmu.edu.tw</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Hsiao-ching Liu, RN, MS</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] Feeding difficulties among dementia patients has been identified in western society (Watson, 1993; Watson, 2002) and is a major reason for the high risk of malnutrition (Durnbaugh, Haley, &amp; Roberts, 1996; Berry &amp; Marcus, 2000; Wasson, Tate, &amp; Hayes, 2001). This study was designed to investigate the prevalence rates and associated factors of feeding difficulties among dementia population in Taiwan by using multiple methods including mealtime observations, paper-pencil questionnaires, and physical examinations. There were 93 dementia elderly participated in this study. The results were found that about 20% to 50% of dementia elderly at least sometimes having one item of feeding problems according to EdFED (Edinburgh Feeding Evaluation in Dementia) scales. In additional, the higher scores of EdFED indicated higher difficulties with the range 0-22, the mean scores of EdFED were 6.5 (SD=5.2). According to the Person correlations, the EdFED scores of dementia elderly were associated with the duration of diagnosis (r=0.32,p&lt;0.01),the SPMSQ scores (r=-0.37,p&lt;0.01),the ADL scores (r=-0.57,p&lt;0.01) and the swallowing difficulties (r=0.75,p&lt;0.01).The feeding difficulties were significantly associated with cognitive function, ADL function and swallowing difficulties. Therefore, reducing the feeding difficulty could promote their cognitive function and improve their ADL. The results of this study help health professionals to gain better understanding of feeding difficulties and associated factors of dementia elderly and provide directions of developing future nutritional interventions or training programs in order to maintain the quality of life in institutionalized people with dementia.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:31:45Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:31:45Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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