2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152329
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Chronotype and the academic efficiency of nursing students
Abstract:
Chronotype and the academic efficiency of nursing students
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2007
Author:Cruz, Armenio Guardado, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Higher Nursing School of Coimbra
Title:Coordinator - Professor
[Research Presentation] The circadian rhythms are present in different functions of our organism. However, the adaptation of individual to rhythmic alterations can depend on individual characteristics, namely, the CHRONOTYPE (morningness/eveningness). Knowing also that academic efficiency depends on various factors, some related to the family and school, but others to the student himself, we can ask: will the chronotype aspects together with the demands of the students timetable interfere with the academic efficiency and the sleeping habits of the nursing students? METHODOLOGY: This descriptive and correlated study sets out to learn the relationship between the chronotype, academic efficiency and the sleeping habits in an intentional non-probabilistic sample of 176 nursing students (average age: 19,71 years; standard deviation: 1,237). We applied the sample to the Portuguese version of the "Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire" (Horne & Ostberg, 1976) and a Sleeping Habits Questionnaire (of author) during theoretical teaching, outside the periods of evaluation or academic festivities. RESULTS: The morning types show better academic efficiency than the evening types (Anova, p=0.46; Pos Hoc -Tukey, p=0.043). We also observed significant differences between the chronotype dimensions and the "normal time of waking up" and "going to bed" during the week and during the weekend (Anova's) and "going to sleep" (p = 0.047), "waking at night" (p= 0.024) and "going to sleep after waking" (p = 0.000). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the chronotype dimension could influence the sleeping habits and academic efficiency of nursing students. We need more studies to confirm this. Perhaps, the organization of school schedules accounts for the difference of chronotypes in nursing students. On the other hand, the chronocientific knowledge could be important for the intervention of the future nurses in the health domain (epidemiology, chronopatology, chronopharmacology), area of labor (shiftwork), education, sports and lazer (jet lag).
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleChronotype and the academic efficiency of nursing studentsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152329-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Chronotype and the academic efficiency of nursing students</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Cruz, Armenio Guardado, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Higher Nursing School of Coimbra</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Coordinator - Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">acruz@eseaf.pt</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] The circadian rhythms are present in different functions of our organism. However, the adaptation of individual to rhythmic alterations can depend on individual characteristics, namely, the CHRONOTYPE (morningness/eveningness). Knowing also that academic efficiency depends on various factors, some related to the family and school, but others to the student himself, we can ask: will the chronotype aspects together with the demands of the students timetable interfere with the academic efficiency and the sleeping habits of the nursing students? METHODOLOGY: This descriptive and correlated study sets out to learn the relationship between the chronotype, academic efficiency and the sleeping habits in an intentional non-probabilistic sample of 176 nursing students (average age: 19,71 years; standard deviation: 1,237). We applied the sample to the Portuguese version of the &quot;Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire&quot; (Horne &amp; Ostberg, 1976) and a Sleeping Habits Questionnaire (of author) during theoretical teaching, outside the periods of evaluation or academic festivities. RESULTS: The morning types show better academic efficiency than the evening types (Anova, p=0.46; Pos Hoc -Tukey, p=0.043). We also observed significant differences between the chronotype dimensions and the &quot;normal time of waking up&quot; and &quot;going to bed&quot; during the week and during the weekend (Anova's) and &quot;going to sleep&quot; (p = 0.047), &quot;waking at night&quot; (p= 0.024) and &quot;going to sleep after waking&quot; (p = 0.000). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the chronotype dimension could influence the sleeping habits and academic efficiency of nursing students. We need more studies to confirm this. Perhaps, the organization of school schedules accounts for the difference of chronotypes in nursing students. On the other hand, the chronocientific knowledge could be important for the intervention of the future nurses in the health domain (epidemiology, chronopatology, chronopharmacology), area of labor (shiftwork), education, sports and lazer (jet lag).</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:32:15Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:32:15Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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