The Effectiveness of Simulation on Self Efficacy and Medication Administration Safety for Undergraduate Nursing Students

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152345
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Effectiveness of Simulation on Self Efficacy and Medication Administration Safety for Undergraduate Nursing Students
Abstract:
The Effectiveness of Simulation on Self Efficacy and Medication Administration Safety for Undergraduate Nursing Students
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2007
Author:Goldsworthy, Sandra J., MSc, RN, CNCC
P.I. Institution Name:Durham College
Title:Nursing Professor
Co-Authors:Kimberley Sears, MN, RN and William Goodman, PhD
[Research Presentation] To manage the serious hazard of medication errors in hospitals, nurses play a double role:á Many medication errors are attributed to nursing administration.á On the other hand, nurses can prevent potential errors - initiated elsewhere during prescription or preparation. This experimental study examined whether the use of clinical simulation in nurse training could help reduce medication error.á It also studied whether the self efficacy of student nurses increased, if they had experience with simulations.á Focus groups helped clarify understanding of the variables. Fifty-four student volunteers were randomly assigned to Experimental (treatment) groups (24 students) orá Clinical Control groups (30 students).áThe treatment replaced some early-term clinical placement hours with time in Simulations. The control group had all normally scheduled hours. Treatment occurred prior to opportunities for administering medications.á The experiment controlled for type of placement: Medical/surgical (26 students) or Maternal (28). Simulations included Laerdal and Virtual case scenarios.áAll students increased in Self-Efficacy over the term.á The simulation-intervention apparently contributed to this improvement - and possibly increased it.á Additional evidence is needed to confirm this.áThere is compelling evidence that students in Clinical generate fewer Medication Errors if the Simulation-treatment has been administered.áExperimental records included data about the Group (Experimental or Control), and Unit Type, for each observed incident.á(Incidents are near-misses, since clinical supervisors intervened.)á Results were highly significant (p < 0.01).áOf 31 reported medical errors, both Chi-square and simulation-based tests confirmed that, for both Med/Surg and Maternal placements, the students receiving the intervention recorded fewer errors (7 errors, overall) than the controls (24 errors, overall).
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Effectiveness of Simulation on Self Efficacy and Medication Administration Safety for Undergraduate Nursing Studentsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152345-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">The Effectiveness of Simulation on Self Efficacy and Medication Administration Safety for Undergraduate Nursing Students</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Goldsworthy, Sandra J., MSc, RN, CNCC</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Durham College</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Nursing Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">sandra.goldsworthy@dc-uoit.ca</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Kimberley Sears, MN, RN and William Goodman, PhD</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] To manage the serious hazard of medication errors in hospitals, nurses play a double role:&aacute; Many medication errors are attributed to nursing administration.&aacute; On the other hand, nurses can prevent potential errors - initiated elsewhere during prescription or preparation. This experimental study examined whether the use of clinical simulation in nurse training could help reduce medication error.&aacute; It also studied whether the self efficacy of student nurses increased, if they had experience with simulations.&aacute; Focus groups helped clarify understanding of the variables. Fifty-four student volunteers were randomly assigned to Experimental (treatment) groups (24 students) or&aacute; Clinical Control groups (30 students).&aacute;The treatment replaced some early-term clinical placement hours with time in Simulations. The control group had all normally scheduled hours. Treatment occurred prior to opportunities for administering medications.&aacute; The experiment controlled for type of placement: Medical/surgical (26 students) or Maternal (28). Simulations included Laerdal and Virtual case scenarios.&aacute;All students increased in Self-Efficacy over the term.&aacute; The simulation-intervention apparently contributed to this improvement - and possibly increased it.&aacute; Additional evidence is needed to confirm this.&aacute;There is compelling evidence that students in Clinical generate fewer Medication Errors if the Simulation-treatment has been administered.&aacute;Experimental records included data about the Group (Experimental or Control), and Unit Type, for each observed incident.&aacute;(Incidents are near-misses, since clinical supervisors intervened.)&aacute; Results were highly significant (p &lt; 0.01).&aacute;Of 31 reported medical errors, both Chi-square and simulation-based tests confirmed that, for both Med/Surg and Maternal placements, the students receiving the intervention recorded fewer errors (7 errors, overall) than the controls (24 errors, overall).</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:32:51Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:32:51Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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