Effectiveness of a Multidisciplinary Health Promotion Program for Persons with Cancer

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152347
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Effectiveness of a Multidisciplinary Health Promotion Program for Persons with Cancer
Abstract:
Effectiveness of a Multidisciplinary Health Promotion Program for Persons with Cancer
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2007
Author:Haas, Barbara K., RN, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:The University of Texas at Tyler
Title:Associate Professor
Co-Authors:Gary Kimmel, MD and Maureen Lake, MSN, RN
[Research Presentation] This longitudinal intervention study was conducted to determine the effects of a community-based program of exercise on the quality of life (QOL) of persons with cancer. A theoretical model, philosophically congruent with a health within illness perspective and generated by integrating selected concepts from PenderÆs Health Promotion Model and Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory, was used to guide the study. The SF-36 Medical Outcomes instrument was used to measure QOL. Participants were referred by three physician practices to participate in a cost-free, individualized program of exercise at one of three local centers that were unaffiliated with any particular practice or health care institution. Data collection took place at baseline and every three months for one year. Participants (n=251) were primarily female, Caucasian, and included cancer survivors at all stages of different cancer diagnoses. Many participants (40%) were actively receiving treatment (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormonal therapy). Several participants (17%) required assistive devices such as oxygen, canes, walkers, or a hospital bed. One-way ANOVA analysis supported the positive impact of exercise on QOL as predicted by the model. Significant subscale scores of the SF-36 included: physical function (F=4.54, p <. 05); role physical (F=4.43, p < .05); vitality (F=9.72, p < .05); social function (F=5.26, p < .05); role emotional (F=2.94, p < .05); and mental health (F=4.73, p < .05). Scores for the bodily pain and general health subscales were not significant. This research introduces the concept of a cost-free long-term community-based program of individualized exercise as a feasible and effective intervention to improve the QOL for persons with all stages of cancer.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleEffectiveness of a Multidisciplinary Health Promotion Program for Persons with Canceren_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152347-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Effectiveness of a Multidisciplinary Health Promotion Program for Persons with Cancer</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Haas, Barbara K., RN, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">The University of Texas at Tyler</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">bhaas@uttyler.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Gary Kimmel, MD and Maureen Lake, MSN, RN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] This longitudinal intervention study was conducted to determine the effects of a community-based program of exercise on the quality of life (QOL) of persons with cancer. A theoretical model, philosophically congruent with a health within illness perspective and generated by integrating selected concepts from Pender&AElig;s Health Promotion Model and Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory, was used to guide the study. The SF-36 Medical Outcomes instrument was used to measure QOL. Participants were referred by three physician practices to participate in a cost-free, individualized program of exercise at one of three local centers that were unaffiliated with any particular practice or health care institution. Data collection took place at baseline and every three months for one year. Participants (n=251) were primarily female, Caucasian, and included cancer survivors at all stages of different cancer diagnoses. Many participants (40%) were actively receiving treatment (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormonal therapy). Several participants (17%) required assistive devices such as oxygen, canes, walkers, or a hospital bed. One-way ANOVA analysis supported the positive impact of exercise on QOL as predicted by the model. Significant subscale scores of the SF-36 included: physical function (F=4.54, p &lt;. 05); role physical (F=4.43, p &lt; .05); vitality (F=9.72, p &lt; .05); social function (F=5.26, p &lt; .05); role emotional (F=2.94, p &lt; .05); and mental health (F=4.73, p &lt; .05). Scores for the bodily pain and general health subscales were not significant. This research introduces the concept of a cost-free long-term community-based program of individualized exercise as a feasible and effective intervention to improve the QOL for persons with all stages of cancer.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:32:55Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:32:55Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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