2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152369
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Visual Observation Instead of Scales
Abstract:
Visual Observation Instead of Scales
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2011
Author:Tang, Shou-Sheng, MD
P.I. Institution Name:Yu Sheng Hospital
Title:Director, Department of Chest & Nursing Home
Co-Authors:Wen-I Hou Dietitian, MA, Instructor
Chia-Hsiu Chang RN, Instructor
Chung-Hey Chen PhD, Professor
Innchyn Her PhD, Professor
[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Evidence-based Practice Presentation] Purposed. As apposed to traditional methods (relying on the subjects? memory or ability to conceptualize consumed food) to assess dietary intakes, visual observation (VO) is a proven means of assessing dietary consumption of western food among older adults. However, since Chinese food differs from western food, the VO consumption proportions had to be adapted accordingly. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of VO estimation of Chinese food plate waste as a measure of the proportion consumed, compared to scale measurements.
Methods. A quasi-experimental study of 38 nursing-home residents? trays, utilized for plate waste estimates (n = 342 meals; i.e. 3 meals per day ? 3 days). Five dietitian-research assistants were trained for two weeks in portion size estimation. All food proportion sizes given to residents were standardized by using standard serving utensils (plates, bowls, and cups). Two assistants were designated the experimental team to visually observe residents' plate waste and determine the net quantity, another two co-operated to use scale measurements (control), and the remaining assistant checked and recorded food taken from outside by family members. A correlation analysis, paired-t test, and ANOVA were used for interpreting the recorded data.
Results. No significant differences between visually estimated and weighed intakes of any meals, except for semi-liquid and chopped diets (e.g. rice porridge and chop suey), were found. The VO group also spent less time (average of 26.6 seconds / per meal) to estimate plate waste, compared to the control group (average of 57.2 seconds / per meal).
Conclusions. The study shows that VO provides reliable nutrition intake proportions data for dietitians, nursing staff, and supervisors. The timesaving and easy-to-use method can reduce mistakes due to memory errors of the staff and residents in nursing homes, and thus also alleviates the responsibility burden of these individuals.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleVisual Observation Instead of Scalesen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152369-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Visual Observation Instead of Scales</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2011</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Tang, Shou-Sheng, MD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Yu Sheng Hospital</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Director, Department of Chest &amp; Nursing Home</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">severwork@yahoo.com.tw</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Wen-I Hou Dietitian, MA, Instructor<br/>Chia-Hsiu Chang RN, Instructor<br/>Chung-Hey Chen PhD, Professor<br/>Innchyn Her PhD, Professor</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Evidence-based Practice Presentation] Purposed. As apposed to traditional methods (relying on the subjects? memory or ability to conceptualize consumed food) to assess dietary intakes, visual observation (VO) is a proven means of assessing dietary consumption of western food among older adults. However, since Chinese food differs from western food, the VO consumption proportions had to be adapted accordingly. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of VO estimation of Chinese food plate waste as a measure of the proportion consumed, compared to scale measurements. <br/>Methods. A quasi-experimental study of 38 nursing-home residents? trays, utilized for plate waste estimates (n = 342 meals; i.e. 3 meals per day ? 3 days). Five dietitian-research assistants were trained for two weeks in portion size estimation. All food proportion sizes given to residents were standardized by using standard serving utensils (plates, bowls, and cups). Two assistants were designated the experimental team to visually observe residents' plate waste and determine the net quantity, another two co-operated to use scale measurements (control), and the remaining assistant checked and recorded food taken from outside by family members. A correlation analysis, paired-t test, and ANOVA were used for interpreting the recorded data. <br/>Results. No significant differences between visually estimated and weighed intakes of any meals, except for semi-liquid and chopped diets (e.g. rice porridge and chop suey), were found. The VO group also spent less time (average of 26.6 seconds / per meal) to estimate plate waste, compared to the control group (average of 57.2 seconds / per meal). <br/>Conclusions. The study shows that VO provides reliable nutrition intake proportions data for dietitians, nursing staff, and supervisors. The timesaving and easy-to-use method can reduce mistakes due to memory errors of the staff and residents in nursing homes, and thus also alleviates the responsibility burden of these individuals.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:33:43Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:33:43Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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