2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152559
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Breast Cancer Adjustment in U.S. and Brazilian Women
Abstract:
Breast Cancer Adjustment in U.S. and Brazilian Women
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2005
Author:Budin, Wendy C., RN, BC, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Seton Hall University
Title:Associate Dean, Graduate Nursing and Research
Co-Authors:Elenice D. R. de Paula Lima, RN, PhD
Problem/Objective: Breast cancer is a significant health problem among women. Approximately 1 million new cases occur annually worldwide and in developing countries the incidence is increasing (WHO, 2003). Despite treatment advances and a growing number of survivors, the psychosocial impact of breast cancer is still profound. Women often journey through a maze of treatment alternatives with a wide array of physical, emotional, interpersonal and social implications. Reactions to a breast cancer diagnosis and subsequent adjustment may reflect cultural values. Although there is a growing body of knowledge describing factors associated with breast cancer adjustment in U.S. women, the literature is sparse about adjustment among women from other cultures. In this secondary analysis of data sets from two similar studies, social support, symptom distress and psychosocial adjustment to breast cancer outcomes are compared between women from the U.S. and Brazil. Methods: The first data set is from a study of 101 U.S. women with breast cancer, 6-8 weeks post surgery (Budin, 1998). The second data set is from a sample of 120 Brazilian women receiving post-surgical treatment for breast cancer (Lima, 2004). All participants completed the same inventories: Psychosocial Adjustment to Breast Cancer Factor of the Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale (PAIS) (Derogatis, 1983); Social Support Network Inventory (Flaherty et al., 1983); Symptom Distress Scale (SDS) (McCorkle & Young, 1978). Descriptive statistics and t-tests were used to compare adjustment outcomes between groups. Findings/Conclusions: Although there were no significant differences between groups in levels of social support, the Brazilian women did score significantly higher in psychosocial adjustment problems and symptom distress. Symptoms that the Brazilian women reported as significantly more distressful were pain intensity, appearance, concentration, mobility, and outlook. Implications for nurses to provide culturally competent care to facilitate positive adjustment to breast cancer and directions for future studies are suggested.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleBreast Cancer Adjustment in U.S. and Brazilian Womenen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152559-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Breast Cancer Adjustment in U.S. and Brazilian Women</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Budin, Wendy C., RN, BC, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Seton Hall University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Dean, Graduate Nursing and Research</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">budinwen@shu.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Elenice D. R. de Paula Lima, RN, PhD</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Problem/Objective: Breast cancer is a significant health problem among women. Approximately 1 million new cases occur annually worldwide and in developing countries the incidence is increasing (WHO, 2003). Despite treatment advances and a growing number of survivors, the psychosocial impact of breast cancer is still profound. Women often journey through a maze of treatment alternatives with a wide array of physical, emotional, interpersonal and social implications. Reactions to a breast cancer diagnosis and subsequent adjustment may reflect cultural values. Although there is a growing body of knowledge describing factors associated with breast cancer adjustment in U.S. women, the literature is sparse about adjustment among women from other cultures. In this secondary analysis of data sets from two similar studies, social support, symptom distress and psychosocial adjustment to breast cancer outcomes are compared between women from the U.S. and Brazil. Methods: The first data set is from a study of 101 U.S. women with breast cancer, 6-8 weeks post surgery (Budin, 1998). The second data set is from a sample of 120 Brazilian women receiving post-surgical treatment for breast cancer (Lima, 2004). All participants completed the same inventories: Psychosocial Adjustment to Breast Cancer Factor of the Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale (PAIS) (Derogatis, 1983); Social Support Network Inventory (Flaherty et al., 1983); Symptom Distress Scale (SDS) (McCorkle &amp; Young, 1978). Descriptive statistics and t-tests were used to compare adjustment outcomes between groups. Findings/Conclusions: Although there were no significant differences between groups in levels of social support, the Brazilian women did score significantly higher in psychosocial adjustment problems and symptom distress. Symptoms that the Brazilian women reported as significantly more distressful were pain intensity, appearance, concentration, mobility, and outlook. Implications for nurses to provide culturally competent care to facilitate positive adjustment to breast cancer and directions for future studies are suggested.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:40:49Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:40:49Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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