Impact of an HIV Prevention Program on Female College Students' HIV Knowledge and Abstinence/Condom Attitudes

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152599
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Impact of an HIV Prevention Program on Female College Students' HIV Knowledge and Abstinence/Condom Attitudes
Abstract:
Impact of an HIV Prevention Program on Female College Students' HIV Knowledge and Abstinence/Condom Attitudes
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2005
Author:Jones, Sande Gracia, PhD, ARNP, ACRN, CS, C, BC, FAAN
P.I. Institution Name:Florida International University
Title:Assistant Professor
Co-Authors:Paula Delpech, MSN, RN; Margaret Hamilton, DNS, RN; Mary Louise Jorda, RN, MPH; Robert Malow, PhD; Rebecca Ranallo, BS
Purpose: College students are at risk for HIV/STDs because of high sexual activity, low condom use, denial of risk, and factors such as normative beliefs and ethnicity/gender differences (Jemmott, Jemmott & Villarruel, 2002; Lewis, Malow & Ireland, 1997). SENORITAS (Student Education Needed In Order to Reduce Infection and Transmission of AIDS/HIV and STDs) is an innovative prevention program (Jones, 2004) funded by the Office on Women's Health through OWH's Prevention of HIV/AIDS/STDs among Young Women Attending Minority Institutions initiative. Study purpose was to determine the impact of attending an intensive single-session HIV prevention program on female college students' HIV knowledge and attitudes about abstinence and condom use. Method: Study design was based on Fisher & Fisher's (1994) Information- Motivation- Behavioral skills (IMB) model of AIDS-preventive behavior. Instruments used were Fisher, Fisher, Misovich and Bryan's (2002) HIV-related subscales; reported reliability with college students was 0.75 to 0.87 (Misovich, Fisher & Fisher, 1998). After IRB approval, students at a South Florida public minority university were recruited from campus sororities and organizations to attend the program. Students completed instruments at the start of the session, and repeated the knowledge subscale at the end of the session. Students were mailed post-program instruments eight weeks later. A total of 120 students attended the sessions. Forty-nine students returned completed instruments eight weeks post-program (41% response rate). Findings: There was a significant increase in mean knowledge scores pre-program to end of program (t =-8.406, df = 119, p=.01). Eight weeks later the knowledge increase remained (t=-2.346, df = 48, p = .023), and there was a significant increase in abstinence attitudes (t=-2.392, df = 48, p = .021) and a non-significant increase in condom attitudes. Discussion/conclusion: The program positively impacted on safer-sex attitudes and HIV knowledge, which may result in safer-sex practices for female college students.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleImpact of an HIV Prevention Program on Female College Students' HIV Knowledge and Abstinence/Condom Attitudesen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152599-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Impact of an HIV Prevention Program on Female College Students' HIV Knowledge and Abstinence/Condom Attitudes</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Jones, Sande Gracia, PhD, ARNP, ACRN, CS, C, BC, FAAN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Florida International University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">sandejones@aol.com</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Paula Delpech, MSN, RN; Margaret Hamilton, DNS, RN; Mary Louise Jorda, RN, MPH; Robert Malow, PhD; Rebecca Ranallo, BS</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Purpose: College students are at risk for HIV/STDs because of high sexual activity, low condom use, denial of risk, and factors such as normative beliefs and ethnicity/gender differences (Jemmott, Jemmott &amp; Villarruel, 2002; Lewis, Malow &amp; Ireland, 1997). SENORITAS (Student Education Needed In Order to Reduce Infection and Transmission of AIDS/HIV and STDs) is an innovative prevention program (Jones, 2004) funded by the Office on Women's Health through OWH's Prevention of HIV/AIDS/STDs among Young Women Attending Minority Institutions initiative. Study purpose was to determine the impact of attending an intensive single-session HIV prevention program on female college students' HIV knowledge and attitudes about abstinence and condom use. Method: Study design was based on Fisher &amp; Fisher's (1994) Information- Motivation- Behavioral skills (IMB) model of AIDS-preventive behavior. Instruments used were Fisher, Fisher, Misovich and Bryan's (2002) HIV-related subscales; reported reliability with college students was 0.75 to 0.87 (Misovich, Fisher &amp; Fisher, 1998). After IRB approval, students at a South Florida public minority university were recruited from campus sororities and organizations to attend the program. Students completed instruments at the start of the session, and repeated the knowledge subscale at the end of the session. Students were mailed post-program instruments eight weeks later. A total of 120 students attended the sessions. Forty-nine students returned completed instruments eight weeks post-program (41% response rate). Findings: There was a significant increase in mean knowledge scores pre-program to end of program (t =-8.406, df = 119, p=.01). Eight weeks later the knowledge increase remained (t=-2.346, df = 48, p = .023), and there was a significant increase in abstinence attitudes (t=-2.392, df = 48, p = .021) and a non-significant increase in condom attitudes. Discussion/conclusion: The program positively impacted on safer-sex attitudes and HIV knowledge, which may result in safer-sex practices for female college students.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:42:21Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:42:21Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.