Adolescent Sexual Behavior: Testing a Theory-Driven Model by Gender Difference

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152624
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Adolescent Sexual Behavior: Testing a Theory-Driven Model by Gender Difference
Abstract:
Adolescent Sexual Behavior: Testing a Theory-Driven Model by Gender Difference
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2005
Author:Chen, Angela Chia-Chen, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Arizona State University
Title:Assistant Professor
Co-Authors:Elaine Adams Thompson, RN, PhD
Background: Adolescents' risky sexual behavior (RSB) has received international attention due to its association with negative consequences, including HIV/AIDS. Understanding adolescent's sexual behaviors from a broader social context is crucial for designing HIV/AIDS preventive interventions. Objective: This study tests a model of risky sexual behavior among adolescents that incorporates social, family, and peer contexts and compares gender differences to address the potential need for gender-specific preventive interventions. Methods: A nationally representative sample was drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health to examine predictors of RSB across one year. Key concepts in the model are age, family socioeconomic status, parental control, parental disapproval of premarital sex, parent-child communication about sex, parent-child relationship, deviant peers, and RSB. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to assess the measurement model prior to testing the theoretical model using structural equation modeling with MPLUS 3.01. Results: A total of 6342 single adolescents in the United States were included, with weighted mean age of 16.46 (SE = .03). The final model supports an appropriate fit to the data (x2 [535] = 4528.65; CFI = .90; RMSEA = .05). Nine hypothesized paths revealed substantive gender differences in the model. Conclusions: The results point to the critical influence of parents' disapproval of premarital sex and deviant peers as well as the complex mechanisms of family-peer interactions on risky sexual behavior involvement for both adolescent males and females. Knowledge of gender differences in the prediction of adolescent risky sexual behavior will contribute to the design of gender sensitive preventive interventions.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleAdolescent Sexual Behavior: Testing a Theory-Driven Model by Gender Differenceen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152624-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Adolescent Sexual Behavior: Testing a Theory-Driven Model by Gender Difference</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Chen, Angela Chia-Chen, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Arizona State University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">angela.ccchen@asu.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Elaine Adams Thompson, RN, PhD</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Background: Adolescents' risky sexual behavior (RSB) has received international attention due to its association with negative consequences, including HIV/AIDS. Understanding adolescent's sexual behaviors from a broader social context is crucial for designing HIV/AIDS preventive interventions. Objective: This study tests a model of risky sexual behavior among adolescents that incorporates social, family, and peer contexts and compares gender differences to address the potential need for gender-specific preventive interventions. Methods: A nationally representative sample was drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health to examine predictors of RSB across one year. Key concepts in the model are age, family socioeconomic status, parental control, parental disapproval of premarital sex, parent-child communication about sex, parent-child relationship, deviant peers, and RSB. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to assess the measurement model prior to testing the theoretical model using structural equation modeling with MPLUS 3.01. Results: A total of 6342 single adolescents in the United States were included, with weighted mean age of 16.46 (SE = .03). The final model supports an appropriate fit to the data (x2 [535] = 4528.65; CFI = .90; RMSEA = .05). Nine hypothesized paths revealed substantive gender differences in the model. Conclusions: The results point to the critical influence of parents' disapproval of premarital sex and deviant peers as well as the complex mechanisms of family-peer interactions on risky sexual behavior involvement for both adolescent males and females. Knowledge of gender differences in the prediction of adolescent risky sexual behavior will contribute to the design of gender sensitive preventive interventions.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:43:19Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:43:19Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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