Creating Positive Attitudes towards Mental Illness: The Effects of Knowledge and Clinical Experience

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152635
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Creating Positive Attitudes towards Mental Illness: The Effects of Knowledge and Clinical Experience
Abstract:
Creating Positive Attitudes towards Mental Illness: The Effects of Knowledge and Clinical Experience
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2002
Conference Date:July, 2002
Author:Cheng, Bing-shu
P.I. Institution Name:Macau Polytechnic Institute
Title:Associate Professor
Objective: This study aimed at investigating the effects of psychiatric nursing knowledge and clinical experience on nursing students' attitudes towards mental health problems. Design: A pre and post-test design was used. Population, sample, setting, years: A convenient sample of 90 subjects were invited to participate in this study. They were students enrolled in 'Mental Health Nursing' course of the Bachelor of Nursing programmes in two universities in Hong Kong. The duration of this study was twelve months. Intervention and outcome variable(s): The intervention was the course 'Mental Health Nursing'. The outcome measure was students' attitude towards mental illness. Method: The course 'Mental health Nursing' consisted of 80 hours theoretical input and 150 hours clinical practice. The 'Opinion About Mental Illness Scale (OMI)' was administered to the subjects before and after the course. Findings: 90 subjects completed the study. The response rate was 100%. Findings showed a significant attitude change in a favourable direction on 4 dimensions of OMI: authoritarianism, benevolence, mental hygiene ideology, and social restrictiveness. Female students tended to perceive the client group as less dangerous. Students who had relatives or friends with mental health problems tended to be more positive in attitude. Conclusion: Results of this study supported the argument that knowledge and experience promote a more positive attitude towards mental health problems. Students' attitude towards mental illness might be influenced by the Chinese cultural belief on mental health and illness. To facilitate students to cultivate a positive attitude towards people with mental illness, 'Mental Health Nursing' should be an essential component of all undergraduate nursing programmes. Implications: The course could be lengthened to provide more substantial experience to the students. Contact with clients with mental health problems should be well planned to promote a favourable experience. Reflection on experience should be facilitated also.

Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
Jul-2002
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleCreating Positive Attitudes towards Mental Illness: The Effects of Knowledge and Clinical Experienceen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152635-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Creating Positive Attitudes towards Mental Illness: The Effects of Knowledge and Clinical Experience</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2002</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">July, 2002</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Cheng, Bing-shu</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Macau Polytechnic Institute</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">chengbingshu@yahoo.com</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objective: This study aimed at investigating the effects of psychiatric nursing knowledge and clinical experience on nursing students' attitudes towards mental health problems. Design: A pre and post-test design was used. Population, sample, setting, years: A convenient sample of 90 subjects were invited to participate in this study. They were students enrolled in 'Mental Health Nursing' course of the Bachelor of Nursing programmes in two universities in Hong Kong. The duration of this study was twelve months. Intervention and outcome variable(s): The intervention was the course 'Mental Health Nursing'. The outcome measure was students' attitude towards mental illness. Method: The course 'Mental health Nursing' consisted of 80 hours theoretical input and 150 hours clinical practice. The 'Opinion About Mental Illness Scale (OMI)' was administered to the subjects before and after the course. Findings: 90 subjects completed the study. The response rate was 100%. Findings showed a significant attitude change in a favourable direction on 4 dimensions of OMI: authoritarianism, benevolence, mental hygiene ideology, and social restrictiveness. Female students tended to perceive the client group as less dangerous. Students who had relatives or friends with mental health problems tended to be more positive in attitude. Conclusion: Results of this study supported the argument that knowledge and experience promote a more positive attitude towards mental health problems. Students' attitude towards mental illness might be influenced by the Chinese cultural belief on mental health and illness. To facilitate students to cultivate a positive attitude towards people with mental illness, 'Mental Health Nursing' should be an essential component of all undergraduate nursing programmes. Implications: The course could be lengthened to provide more substantial experience to the students. Contact with clients with mental health problems should be well planned to promote a favourable experience. Reflection on experience should be facilitated also.<br/><br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:43:46Z-
dc.date.issued2002-07en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:43:46Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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