A Conceptual Model of "Caregiver Spirituality, Stress, Appraisal, and Health"

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152655
Type:
Presentation
Title:
A Conceptual Model of "Caregiver Spirituality, Stress, Appraisal, and Health"
Abstract:
A Conceptual Model of "Caregiver Spirituality, Stress, Appraisal, and Health"
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2003
Conference Date:July 10-12, 2003
Author:Kaye, Judy, RN, PhD, ACNP, CCRN, CNRN, ANP
P.I. Institution Name:University of South Carolina
Objective: Chronic stress is well documented for caregivers of persons with Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias. Research supports that spirituality neutralizes the effect of uncontrollable stress. Lazarus and Folkman’s (1984) Stress, Appraisal, and Coping theory was the theoretical basis for this study. The purpose was to test a model of "Caregiver Spirituality, Stress, Appraisal, and Health" for caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's disease. <P> Design: A cross-sectional, descriptive-comparative two-group design was used. <P> Population, Sample, Setting: A convenient sample of 130 Black(n = 66) and White(n= 64) caregivers with no significant differences in age and gender were recruited from the Southeastern U.S. <P> Concepts: Six major constructs comprise the model: spirituality, perceived stress, life satisfaction, satisfaction with social support, depression and health. These were measured with the: Spiritual Perspective Scale; Perceived Stress Scale; Index of Well-Being; Global Satisfaction Scale; Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale; and a single item five-point health scale.<P> Methods: Hypothesis: perceived stress, life satisfaction, and satisfaction with social support mediate the effects of causal antecedents (race, education, and spirituality) on depression and health. These theoretical linkages of the model were tested using path analysis. <P> Findings: Spirituality had an inverse direct causal relationship (p&lt;0.01) to depression, and a positive causal relationship through the mediator of stress (p&lt;0.001) to health. Additionally, spirituality had a direct causal relationship to life satisfaction (p&lt;0.001) and social support satisfaction (p&lt;0.001). Education had direct relationships to life satisfaction(p&lt;0.05) and health (p&lt;0.01), and race had direct relationships to depression (p &lt;0.05) and health(p &lt;0.05). <P> Conclusions: The conceptual model was supported. Spirituality emerged as most significant, directly effecting stress, life satisfaction, social support satisfaction, and depression; and indirectly, through reduction of stress, effecting positive health. <P> Implications: Caregiver’s spirituality used as a resource helps to reduce stress and depression while enhancing life satisfaction, social support satisfaction, and health. <!--Abstract 13073 modified by 205.188.208.101 on 10-23-2002--></P></P></P></P></P></P></P>
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
10-Jul-2003
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleA Conceptual Model of "Caregiver Spirituality, Stress, Appraisal, and Health"en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152655-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">A Conceptual Model of &quot;Caregiver Spirituality, Stress, Appraisal, and Health&quot;</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2003</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">July 10-12, 2003</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Kaye, Judy, RN, PhD, ACNP, CCRN, CNRN, ANP</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of South Carolina</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">judy.kaye@sc.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objective: Chronic stress is well documented for caregivers of persons with Alzheimer&rsquo;s disease and other dementias. Research supports that spirituality neutralizes the effect of uncontrollable stress. Lazarus and Folkman&rsquo;s (1984) Stress, Appraisal, and Coping theory was the theoretical basis for this study. The purpose was to test a model of &quot;Caregiver Spirituality, Stress, Appraisal, and Health&quot; for caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's disease. &lt;P&gt; Design: A cross-sectional, descriptive-comparative two-group design was used. &lt;P&gt; Population, Sample, Setting: A convenient sample of 130 Black(n = 66) and White(n= 64) caregivers with no significant differences in age and gender were recruited from the Southeastern U.S. &lt;P&gt; Concepts: Six major constructs comprise the model: spirituality, perceived stress, life satisfaction, satisfaction with social support, depression and health. These were measured with the: Spiritual Perspective Scale; Perceived Stress Scale; Index of Well-Being; Global Satisfaction Scale; Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale; and a single item five-point health scale.&lt;P&gt; Methods: Hypothesis: perceived stress, life satisfaction, and satisfaction with social support mediate the effects of causal antecedents (race, education, and spirituality) on depression and health. These theoretical linkages of the model were tested using path analysis. &lt;P&gt; Findings: Spirituality had an inverse direct causal relationship (p&amp;lt;0.01) to depression, and a positive causal relationship through the mediator of stress (p&amp;lt;0.001) to health. Additionally, spirituality had a direct causal relationship to life satisfaction (p&amp;lt;0.001) and social support satisfaction (p&amp;lt;0.001). Education had direct relationships to life satisfaction(p&amp;lt;0.05) and health (p&amp;lt;0.01), and race had direct relationships to depression (p &amp;lt;0.05) and health(p &amp;lt;0.05). &lt;P&gt; Conclusions: The conceptual model was supported. Spirituality emerged as most significant, directly effecting stress, life satisfaction, social support satisfaction, and depression; and indirectly, through reduction of stress, effecting positive health. &lt;P&gt; Implications: Caregiver&rsquo;s spirituality used as a resource helps to reduce stress and depression while enhancing life satisfaction, social support satisfaction, and health. &lt;!--Abstract 13073 modified by 205.188.208.101 on 10-23-2002--&gt;&lt;/P&gt;&lt;/P&gt;&lt;/P&gt;&lt;/P&gt;&lt;/P&gt;&lt;/P&gt;&lt;/P&gt;</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:44:34Z-
dc.date.issued2003-07-10en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:44:34Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.