Adoptive Families Create Environments for Resilience for Children Adopted from the Former Soviet Union: An Early Adolescent Follow-Up

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152668
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Adoptive Families Create Environments for Resilience for Children Adopted from the Former Soviet Union: An Early Adolescent Follow-Up
Abstract:
Adoptive Families Create Environments for Resilience for Children Adopted from the Former Soviet Union: An Early Adolescent Follow-Up
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2003
Conference Date:July 10-12, 2003
Author:McGuinness, Teena, PhD, APRN, BC
P.I. Institution Name:University of South Alabama
Title:Assistant Professor
Co-Authors:Cheryl Broadus
Objective: To evaluate the impact of family environment on the competence of children adopted from the former Soviet Union. Design: A cohort of 105 children adopted by U.S. families has been followed prospectively since 1998. Population, Sample, Setting: These adoptive families from 16 U.S. states create environment of resilience for their children who have experienced multiple early adversities. At time I (n=105; mean age of children, 7.7 years), significant risk factors including prenatal alcohol exposure (41%), institutionalization during sensitive developmental periods (100%), and abuse (57%) were described. Concepts and Variables Studied Together: We examined the impact of family environment as a predictor of child academic, social and conduct competence. Methods: Mailings were sent to adoptive families recruited from five adoption agencies in 1997-98 were inviting them to participate in an initial study and follow-up study three years later. Data were collected via telephone and mail survey. Findings: Scores on Family Environment subdomains remained positive and unchanged except for the Cohesion scale (mean at time I=59.1 (sd=8.5); mean at Time II was 55.7 (sd=9.9). This resulted in a significant decrease in cohesion (t (45)=-2.043), p&lt;.05). At Time II (n=46; mean age of children, 11.1), outcomes in social and conduct competence had improved but the academic competence measure declined slightly. Many children continue to face academic challenges; 54% have reading abilities below grade level and 58% are eligible for special services provided by school districts. Multiple regression analysis of total competence showed two significant predictors: birth weight and family environment (cohesion), resulting in a significant model fit (R2=.271, adjusted R2=.229). Conclusions: Many children face academic challenges; 54% read below grade level and 58% are eligible for special services provided by school districts. Implications: Adoptive family environment makes a significant difference in child competence for children adopted from the former USSR.<P> <!--Abstract 13588 modified by 68.63.38.200 on 11-5-2002--></P>
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
10-Jul-2003
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleAdoptive Families Create Environments for Resilience for Children Adopted from the Former Soviet Union: An Early Adolescent Follow-Upen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152668-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Adoptive Families Create Environments for Resilience for Children Adopted from the Former Soviet Union: An Early Adolescent Follow-Up</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2003</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">July 10-12, 2003</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">McGuinness, Teena, PhD, APRN, BC</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of South Alabama</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">tmcguinness@usouthal.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Cheryl Broadus</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objective: To evaluate the impact of family environment on the competence of children adopted from the former Soviet Union. Design: A cohort of 105 children adopted by U.S. families has been followed prospectively since 1998. Population, Sample, Setting: These adoptive families from 16 U.S. states create environment of resilience for their children who have experienced multiple early adversities. At time I (n=105; mean age of children, 7.7 years), significant risk factors including prenatal alcohol exposure (41%), institutionalization during sensitive developmental periods (100%), and abuse (57%) were described. Concepts and Variables Studied Together: We examined the impact of family environment as a predictor of child academic, social and conduct competence. Methods: Mailings were sent to adoptive families recruited from five adoption agencies in 1997-98 were inviting them to participate in an initial study and follow-up study three years later. Data were collected via telephone and mail survey. Findings: Scores on Family Environment subdomains remained positive and unchanged except for the Cohesion scale (mean at time I=59.1 (sd=8.5); mean at Time II was 55.7 (sd=9.9). This resulted in a significant decrease in cohesion (t (45)=-2.043), p&amp;lt;.05). At Time II (n=46; mean age of children, 11.1), outcomes in social and conduct competence had improved but the academic competence measure declined slightly. Many children continue to face academic challenges; 54% have reading abilities below grade level and 58% are eligible for special services provided by school districts. Multiple regression analysis of total competence showed two significant predictors: birth weight and family environment (cohesion), resulting in a significant model fit (R2=.271, adjusted R2=.229). Conclusions: Many children face academic challenges; 54% read below grade level and 58% are eligible for special services provided by school districts. Implications: Adoptive family environment makes a significant difference in child competence for children adopted from the former USSR.&lt;P&gt; &lt;!--Abstract 13588 modified by 68.63.38.200 on 11-5-2002--&gt;&lt;/P&gt;</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:45:06Z-
dc.date.issued2003-07-10en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:45:06Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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