Gender Difference of the Mediating Effect of Social Support on Depression Among Adults in South Korea

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152769
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Gender Difference of the Mediating Effect of Social Support on Depression Among Adults in South Korea
Abstract:
Gender Difference of the Mediating Effect of Social Support on Depression Among Adults in South Korea
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2011
Author:Park, Eunok, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Jeju National University
Title:Professor
[2nd International Nursing Research Conference for the World Academy of Nursing Science - Presentation] Objectives : This study was to compare depression prevalence by gender and to investigate the mediating effect of social support on depression by gender.

Methods : This study analyzed raw data from a project funded by Jeju Special-governing province. The sample of the project were selected by using randomized cluster sampling method. Data were collected from 1155 subjects of 750 households by home visit interview. CES-D was used for measuring depression and Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey was used for measuring social support. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, and stepwise multiple regression.

Results : The prevalence of depression in Jeju was 18.1%. There is no significant difference of depression prevalence by gender, presenting 16.5% of depression prevalence rate for men, 17.2% for women. But, the gender differences were found with depression prevalence rate by gender, showing that the depression prevalence rate differed significantly by the group of marital status, educational level, occupation, and socioeconomic status in men and by the group of age, marital status, educational level, occupation, and socioeconomic status in women. The result of stepwise multiple regression presented that social support was the significant variable on depression, and the mediating effect on depression was slightly bigger in women than men, showing increase of revised R2 from .265 to .345 when adding social support to other general demographic characteristics in women, increase of R2 from .300 to 375.

Conclusions : The social support was an influential factor on depression both men and women, even though the effect is slightly bigger in women than men. The development of strategies for enhancing social support to prevent and to manage depression was suggested and evaluation of the strategies was recommended.

Objectives : This study was to compare depression prevalence by gender and to investigate the mediating effect of social support on depression by gender. 
 Methods : This study analyzed raw data from a project funded by Jeju Special-governing province. The sample of the project were  selected by using randomized cluster sampling method.  Data were collected from 1155 subjects of 750 households by home visit interview. CES-D was used for measuring depression and Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey was used for measuring social support. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, and stepwise multiple regression.
Results : The prevalence of depression in Jeju was 18.1%. There is no significant difference of depression prevalence by gender, presenting 16.5% of depression prevalence rate for men, 17.2% for women. But, the gender differences were found with depression prevalence rate by gender, showing that the depression prevalence rate differed significantly by the group of marital status, educational level, occupation, and socioeconomic status in men and by the group of age, marital status, educational level,  occupation, and socioeconomic status in women.  The result of stepwise multiple regression  presented that social support was the significant variable on depression, and the mediating effect on depression was slightly bigger in women than men, showing increase of revised R2 from  .265 to .345 when adding social support to other general demographic characteristics in women, increase of R2 from  .300 to 375.
Conclusions :  The social support was an influential factor on depression both men and women, even though the effect is slightly bigger in women than men.  The development of  strategies for enhancing social support to prevent and to manage depression was suggested and evaluation of the strategies was recommended.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleGender Difference of the Mediating Effect of Social Support on Depression Among Adults in South Koreaen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152769-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Gender Difference of the Mediating Effect of Social Support on Depression Among Adults in South Korea</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2011</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Park, Eunok, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Jeju National University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">eopark@jejunu.ac.kr</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[2nd International Nursing Research Conference for the World Academy of Nursing Science - Presentation] Objectives : This study was to compare depression prevalence by gender and to investigate the mediating effect of social support on depression by gender. <br/><br/> Methods : This study analyzed raw data from a project funded by Jeju Special-governing province. The sample of the project were selected by using randomized cluster sampling method. Data were collected from 1155 subjects of 750 households by home visit interview. CES-D was used for measuring depression and Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey was used for measuring social support. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, and stepwise multiple regression. <br/><br/>Results : The prevalence of depression in Jeju was 18.1%. There is no significant difference of depression prevalence by gender, presenting 16.5% of depression prevalence rate for men, 17.2% for women. But, the gender differences were found with depression prevalence rate by gender, showing that the depression prevalence rate differed significantly by the group of marital status, educational level, occupation, and socioeconomic status in men and by the group of age, marital status, educational level, occupation, and socioeconomic status in women. The result of stepwise multiple regression presented that social support was the significant variable on depression, and the mediating effect on depression was slightly bigger in women than men, showing increase of revised R2 from .265 to .345 when adding social support to other general demographic characteristics in women, increase of R2 from .300 to 375. <br/><br/>Conclusions : The social support was an influential factor on depression both men and women, even though the effect is slightly bigger in women than men. The development of strategies for enhancing social support to prevent and to manage depression was suggested and evaluation of the strategies was recommended. <br/><br/>Objectives : This study was to compare depression prevalence by gender and to investigate the mediating effect of social support&nbsp;on depression by gender.&nbsp; <br/>&nbsp;Methods : This study analyzed raw data from a project funded by Jeju Special-governing province. The sample of the project were&nbsp; selected by using randomized cluster sampling method.&nbsp; Data were collected from 1155 subjects of 750 households by home visit interview. CES-D was used for measuring depression and Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey was used for measuring social support. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, and stepwise multiple regression. <br/>Results :&nbsp;The prevalence of depression in Jeju was 18.1%. There is no significant difference of depression prevalence by gender, presenting 16.5% of depression prevalence rate for men, 17.2% for women. But, the gender&nbsp;differences were found with depression prevalence rate by gender, showing that&nbsp;the&nbsp;depression prevalence rate differed&nbsp;significantly&nbsp;by the group of&nbsp;marital status, educational level, occupation, and socioeconomic status in men and by the group of age, marital&nbsp;status, educational level,&nbsp;&nbsp;occupation, and socioeconomic status in women.&nbsp; The result of stepwise multiple regression&nbsp; presented&nbsp;that social support was the significant variable on depression, and the mediating effect on depression&nbsp;was&nbsp;slightly bigger in women than&nbsp;men, showing&nbsp;increase of revised R2 from&nbsp;&nbsp;.265 to .345 when adding social support to other general demographic characteristics in women, increase of R2 from&nbsp;&nbsp;.300 to 375. <br/>Conclusions :&nbsp; The social support was an influential factor on&nbsp;depression both men and women, even though the effect is slightly bigger in women than men.&nbsp;&nbsp;The development of&nbsp; strategies for enhancing social support to prevent and to manage depression was suggested and evaluation of the strategies was recommended.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:49:05Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:49:05Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.