Differential Effects of Two Nursing Interventions in Mexican Family Caregivers of Patients with Dementia

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152786
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Differential Effects of Two Nursing Interventions in Mexican Family Caregivers of Patients with Dementia
Abstract:
Differential Effects of Two Nursing Interventions in Mexican Family Caregivers of Patients with Dementia
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2011
Author:Villarreal Reyna, Maria de los Angeles, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Universidad Autonoma de Coahuila
Title:Associate Professor
Co-Authors:Bertha Cecilia Salazar PhD, Secretaria de Investigacion
Ana Laura Carrillo Cervantes RN, RN
Deyanira Rodriguez Flores BA, Assistant Research
Perla Lizeth Hernandez BS, MNS, Assistant Research Scientist
[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Research Presentation] Purpose: To test the different effects of two nursing interventions on Mexican family caregivers aimed to reduce anxiety, symptoms of depression and improve positive attitude toward caregiving.
Methods:  A repeated measures quasi-experimental design with three groups, two experimental and a control group was used. Experimental conditions were: a) cognitive-behavioral intervention aimed to modification of dysfunctional thoughts about caregiving plus pleasure activities (G1, n=12); b) skills training intervention designed to deal with patient?s behavioral problems plus strategies to taking care at home (G2, n=14); compared to a control group (G3, n = 14). Outcome variables were: anxiety, depression, attitudes toward caregiving, behavioral problems, and dysfunctional thoughts about caregiving. Measurements were performed at: baseline, end of the intervention, and four weeks following the intervention completion.
Results: Following the intervention, caregivers from the two experimental groups showed significant effects on reduction of anxiety (both groups p = .002), symptoms of depression (both p < .05), and improvement of attitude toward caregiving (both p < .001), in comparison to the control group. Experiment's group effects were: cognitive-behavioral intervention showed less symptoms of depression (p < .001), and better attitude toward caregiving (p= .027), than the skills training group.
Conclusion: Caregivers benefit more from the cognitive-behavioral intervention in comparison to the skills training and control groups. To further explore caregiver's benefits it is important to test an intervention that includes both, the cognitive-behavioral and the skills training intervention.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleDifferential Effects of Two Nursing Interventions in Mexican Family Caregivers of Patients with Dementiaen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152786-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Differential Effects of Two Nursing Interventions in Mexican Family Caregivers of Patients with Dementia</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2011</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Villarreal Reyna, Maria de los Angeles, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Universidad Autonoma de Coahuila</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">mced_us@yahoo.com</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Bertha Cecilia Salazar PhD, Secretaria de Investigacion<br/>Ana Laura Carrillo Cervantes RN, RN<br/>Deyanira Rodriguez Flores BA, Assistant Research<br/>Perla Lizeth Hernandez BS, MNS, Assistant Research Scientist</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Research Presentation] Purpose:&nbsp;To test the different effects of two nursing interventions on Mexican family caregivers aimed to reduce anxiety, symptoms of depression and improve positive attitude toward caregiving. <br/>Methods:&nbsp;&nbsp;A repeated measures quasi-experimental design with three groups, two experimental and a control group was used. Experimental conditions were: a) cognitive-behavioral intervention aimed to modification of dysfunctional thoughts about caregiving plus pleasure activities (G1, n=12); b) skills training intervention designed to deal with&nbsp;patient?s behavioral problems plus strategies to taking care at home (G2, n=14);&nbsp;compared to a control group (G3, n = 14). Outcome variables were: anxiety, depression, attitudes toward caregiving, behavioral problems, and dysfunctional thoughts about caregiving. Measurements were performed at: baseline, end of the intervention, and four weeks following the intervention completion. <br/>Results:&nbsp;Following the intervention, caregivers from the&nbsp;two experimental groups showed significant effects on reduction of anxiety (both groups p = .002), symptoms of depression (both p &lt; .05), and&nbsp;improvement of attitude toward caregiving (both p &lt; .001), in comparison to the control group. Experiment's&nbsp;group effects were: cognitive-behavioral intervention showed&nbsp;less symptoms of depression (p &lt; .001), and better attitude toward caregiving (p= .027), than the skills training group. <br/>Conclusion:&nbsp;Caregivers benefit more from the cognitive-behavioral intervention in comparison to the skills training and control groups. To further explore caregiver's benefits it is important to test an&nbsp;intervention that includes both,&nbsp;the cognitive-behavioral and the skills training intervention.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:49:45Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:49:45Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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