2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152794
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Near death experiences in the elderly
Abstract:
Near death experiences in the elderly
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:1992
Conference Date:August 6 - 8, 1992
Author:Olson, Melodie, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Medical University of South Carolina, College of Nursing
Title:Associate Professor
Near Death Experiences (NDE's) have been associated with loss of

fear of death, greater joy in living, greater sense of

spirituality, and similar after effects for the person who

experiences them. These after effects have characteristics similar

to the sense of integration that Erickson identifies as a task of

the elderly (i.e., focus on meaning of life, this life was my

life, sense of completeness). Butler suggested that life review

is one way of achieving integration. Life review is a component of

the core NDE. This descriptive study was designed to provide

information about the incidence of NDE's in the elderly, and about

the relationship of those NDE's to death anxiety, life satisfaction

and life review in the elderly.



The sample was a group of alert, self-sufficient elderly volunteers

who live in congregate living facilities in two southern

communities (N=145). Data were collected by questionnaires,

including a demographic form and the Life Satisfaction Index (LSI),

developed by Neugarten. For people who reported having had an NDE,

an interview was audio-taped, and the experience independently

rated by two people knowledgeable about NDEs. Greyson's criteria

for determining if the person had an NDE were used (Weighted Core

Experience Index).



Findings indicate that there is an incidence of about 10.5 percent

of the sample who report having had an NDE, a lower incidence than

in the general public. This raises questions about sampling

methods for NDE studies in the past, as most rely on volunteers

rather than cohort groups. Other findings include the apparent

lack of life review experiences in this sample, which has been

reported in at least one other study. The other group of adults in

whom life review is absent as a part of the NDE is suicide

attempters. These results suggest that those who do life review

naturally do not do it as a part of the NDE, or conversely, that if

one does not do it naturally, it will be done at the end of life.

While follow-up to see if people who had NDE's did reminisce prior

to the NDE remains to be documented, the finding supports the

importance of life review for all older people, and supports a

psychological explanation for the NDE as opposed to metaphysical

understanding of the event. There appears to be no significant

difference on the Life Satisfaction Index (LSI) between those who

have had an NDE and those who have not, although the numbers of

those correctly completing the LSI was small.



Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
6-Aug-1992
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleNear death experiences in the elderlyen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152794-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Near death experiences in the elderly</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">1992</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">August 6 - 8, 1992</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Olson, Melodie, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Medical University of South Carolina, College of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Near Death Experiences (NDE's) have been associated with loss of<br/><br/>fear of death, greater joy in living, greater sense of<br/><br/>spirituality, and similar after effects for the person who<br/><br/>experiences them. These after effects have characteristics similar<br/><br/>to the sense of integration that Erickson identifies as a task of<br/><br/>the elderly (i.e., focus on meaning of life, this life was my<br/><br/>life, sense of completeness). Butler suggested that life review<br/><br/>is one way of achieving integration. Life review is a component of<br/><br/>the core NDE. This descriptive study was designed to provide<br/><br/>information about the incidence of NDE's in the elderly, and about<br/><br/>the relationship of those NDE's to death anxiety, life satisfaction<br/><br/>and life review in the elderly.<br/><br/><br/><br/>The sample was a group of alert, self-sufficient elderly volunteers<br/><br/>who live in congregate living facilities in two southern<br/><br/>communities (N=145). Data were collected by questionnaires,<br/><br/>including a demographic form and the Life Satisfaction Index (LSI),<br/><br/>developed by Neugarten. For people who reported having had an NDE,<br/><br/>an interview was audio-taped, and the experience independently<br/><br/>rated by two people knowledgeable about NDEs. Greyson's criteria<br/><br/>for determining if the person had an NDE were used (Weighted Core<br/><br/>Experience Index).<br/><br/><br/><br/>Findings indicate that there is an incidence of about 10.5 percent<br/><br/>of the sample who report having had an NDE, a lower incidence than<br/><br/>in the general public. This raises questions about sampling<br/><br/>methods for NDE studies in the past, as most rely on volunteers<br/><br/>rather than cohort groups. Other findings include the apparent<br/><br/>lack of life review experiences in this sample, which has been<br/><br/>reported in at least one other study. The other group of adults in<br/><br/>whom life review is absent as a part of the NDE is suicide<br/><br/>attempters. These results suggest that those who do life review<br/><br/>naturally do not do it as a part of the NDE, or conversely, that if<br/><br/>one does not do it naturally, it will be done at the end of life.<br/><br/>While follow-up to see if people who had NDE's did reminisce prior<br/><br/>to the NDE remains to be documented, the finding supports the<br/><br/>importance of life review for all older people, and supports a<br/><br/>psychological explanation for the NDE as opposed to metaphysical<br/><br/>understanding of the event. There appears to be no significant<br/><br/>difference on the Life Satisfaction Index (LSI) between those who<br/><br/>have had an NDE and those who have not, although the numbers of<br/><br/>those correctly completing the LSI was small.<br/><br/><br/><br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:50:04Z-
dc.date.issued1992-08-06en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:50:04Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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