2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152809
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Work roles of the psychiatric staff nurse
Abstract:
Work roles of the psychiatric staff nurse
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:1992
Conference Date:August 6 - 8, 1992
Author:Shealy, Anne, DNS/DNSc/DSN
P.I. Institution Name:University of AlabamaSchool of Nursing
Title:Assistant Professor
Batey's classic call for the use of conceptual frameworks in

nursing research has stimulated active debate on the subject. A

necessary first step in refining and operationalizing conceptual

frameworks is a qualitative approach. The purpose of this study

was to operationalize Peplau's work roles of the psychiatric staff

nurse, which have been and are being used by nurses in education,

practice, and research to guide nursing care.



Thirty RNs from four inpatient facilities audiotaped one to one

interactions with 62 psychiatric adult or child/adolescent

psychiatric patients. Content analysis of the transcribed

interactions was used to identify indicators and role behaviors of

each of the work roles and to identify roles that were different

from those outlined by Peplau.



The counselor role was the most frequently occurring primary work

role with all patient populations. There was a great deal of

overlap identified between the role behaviors of autocratic leader

and surrogate and the roles of resource person and teacher. The

friend role, one discouraged by Peplau, appeared as a secondary

work role.



The findings support Peplau's contention that the counselor role is

central to the practice of psychiatric nursing. However, the

problem of role overlap clearly indicates the need for either

refinement of role indicators or a collapsing of some of the

overlapping roles. Primary and secondary work roles may also vary

depending on the system in which care is delivered. Appropriateness

of work roles is influenced by institutional locale and level of

patient acuity. Patient reports of nursing behaviors that enhance

positive outcomes are a necessary adjunct to the refinement of

nursing theory.



Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
6-Aug-1992
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleWork roles of the psychiatric staff nurseen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152809-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Work roles of the psychiatric staff nurse</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">1992</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">August 6 - 8, 1992</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Shealy, Anne, DNS/DNSc/DSN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of AlabamaSchool of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Batey's classic call for the use of conceptual frameworks in<br/><br/>nursing research has stimulated active debate on the subject. A<br/><br/>necessary first step in refining and operationalizing conceptual<br/><br/>frameworks is a qualitative approach. The purpose of this study<br/><br/>was to operationalize Peplau's work roles of the psychiatric staff<br/><br/>nurse, which have been and are being used by nurses in education,<br/><br/>practice, and research to guide nursing care.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Thirty RNs from four inpatient facilities audiotaped one to one<br/><br/>interactions with 62 psychiatric adult or child/adolescent<br/><br/>psychiatric patients. Content analysis of the transcribed<br/><br/>interactions was used to identify indicators and role behaviors of<br/><br/>each of the work roles and to identify roles that were different<br/><br/>from those outlined by Peplau.<br/><br/><br/><br/>The counselor role was the most frequently occurring primary work<br/><br/>role with all patient populations. There was a great deal of<br/><br/>overlap identified between the role behaviors of autocratic leader<br/><br/>and surrogate and the roles of resource person and teacher. The<br/><br/>friend role, one discouraged by Peplau, appeared as a secondary<br/><br/>work role.<br/><br/><br/><br/>The findings support Peplau's contention that the counselor role is<br/><br/>central to the practice of psychiatric nursing. However, the<br/><br/>problem of role overlap clearly indicates the need for either<br/><br/>refinement of role indicators or a collapsing of some of the<br/><br/>overlapping roles. Primary and secondary work roles may also vary<br/><br/>depending on the system in which care is delivered. Appropriateness<br/><br/>of work roles is influenced by institutional locale and level of<br/><br/>patient acuity. Patient reports of nursing behaviors that enhance<br/><br/>positive outcomes are a necessary adjunct to the refinement of<br/><br/>nursing theory.<br/><br/><br/><br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:50:42Z-
dc.date.issued1992-08-06en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:50:42Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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