2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152817
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Beliefs and Intentions of the Homeless toward HIV Screening
Abstract:
Beliefs and Intentions of the Homeless toward HIV Screening
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2009
Author:Fogg, Catherine J., ARNP
P.I. Institution Name:Saint Anselm College
Title:Assistant Professor
Co-Authors:Barbara Mawn, PhD
[Research Presentation] Purpose:    HIV screening is a necessary first step in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, the use of screening globally is very low.  In the U.S., approximately one in four persons living with HIV infection is unaware that s/he is HIV positive. Homeless persons in the U.S. have been noted to be at high risk for HIV behaviors and yet their acceptance of HIV screening remains poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the beliefs and intentions of the homeless in the U.S. toward HIV screening.  Using a survey design, this study applied the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) to investigate attitudes, social norms, and perceived behavioral control and their relationship to the intention to screen for HIV among the homeless.  Methods:  From July to September 2008, 323 homeless people from 13 different shelters in five states in the northeastern United States participated in this survey study.   Results:   Twenty-four percent reported no prior HIV screening and 3% reported having a previous positive HIV test.  The path analysis model explained 58% of the homeless people's intention to screen for HIV. Significant predictors included: attitude toward HIV screening, prior screening, age and subjective norms. Attitudes were positively influenced by their perception of being able to get treatment right away and free screening. Subjective norms were influenced by health care worker encouragement to have screening but not by family or sex partner recommendations. Conclusion:   Implications for nursing and health promotion include consideration of the impact of health provider recommendations and ease of administration into standards of care for this population at risk. These findings can influence targeted interventions to focus on the evaluation of attitudes and social norms of homeless persons within different sectors of the country to promote HIV screening for this vulnerable population.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleBeliefs and Intentions of the Homeless toward HIV Screeningen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152817-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Beliefs and Intentions of the Homeless toward HIV Screening</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Fogg, Catherine J., ARNP</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Saint Anselm College</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">cfogg@anselm.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Barbara Mawn, PhD</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] Purpose: &nbsp;&nbsp; HIV screening is a necessary first step in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, the use of screening globally is very low.&nbsp; In the U.S., approximately one in four persons living with HIV infection is unaware that s/he is HIV positive. Homeless persons in the U.S. have been noted to be at high risk for HIV behaviors and yet their acceptance of HIV screening remains poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the beliefs and intentions of the homeless in the U.S. toward HIV screening.&nbsp; Using a survey design, this study applied the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) to investigate attitudes, social norms, and perceived behavioral control and their relationship to the intention to screen for HIV among the homeless.&nbsp; Methods: &nbsp;From July to September 2008, 323 homeless people from 13 different shelters in five states in the northeastern United States participated in this survey study.&nbsp;&nbsp; Results: &nbsp; Twenty-four percent reported no prior HIV screening and 3% reported having a previous positive HIV test.&nbsp; The path analysis model explained 58% of the homeless people's intention to screen for HIV. Significant predictors included: attitude toward HIV screening, prior screening, age and subjective norms. Attitudes were positively influenced by their perception of being able to get treatment right away and free screening. Subjective norms were influenced by health care worker encouragement to have screening but not by family or sex partner recommendations. Conclusion: &nbsp; Implications for nursing and health promotion include consideration of the impact of health provider recommendations and ease of administration into standards of care for this population at risk. These findings can influence targeted interventions to focus on the evaluation of attitudes and social norms of homeless persons within different sectors of the country to promote HIV screening for this vulnerable population.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:51:02Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:51:02Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.