Family Eating and Activity Habits among Blacks, Hispanics, and Filipinos: Implications for Overweight and Obesity Prevention

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152942
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Family Eating and Activity Habits among Blacks, Hispanics, and Filipinos: Implications for Overweight and Obesity Prevention
Abstract:
Family Eating and Activity Habits among Blacks, Hispanics, and Filipinos: Implications for Overweight and Obesity Prevention
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2010
Author:Porter, Luz S., PhD, MSN, BSN, ARNP, FAAN, FAANP
P.I. Institution Name:Florida International University
Title:Professor
Co-Authors:Marjorie Guillespie-Johnson, PhD, ARNP; Carmen Gali, BSN; Angelica Mercado, BSN; Margarita Ticona, BSN, RN; Sheree Mundy, MSN
21st INRC [Research Presentation] Purpose: This descriptive study sought to determine the relationship between family eating and activity habits and children's weights; the relationship between mothers/children's weight and self-esteem; and whether  the weight factor affects mothers/children's blood pressure. Overweight and obesity among children and adults is well-documented as an escalating problem. Concern about this rise centers on the link between obesity and increased health risks that translate into increased medical care and costs. Findings of earlier studies point to the interplay between personal attributes, psychosocial, and environmental factors in development of overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence. Methods: The study was conducted on a sample of 90 mother-child dyads, comprised of 42% Black, 36% Hispanic, and 22% Filipinos aged 7 to 55 years.  The data, collected via self-administered questionnaires and guided interview (Family Eating and Activity Habits Questionnaire, Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale, Background Information Questionnaire), were analyzed via descriptive and inferential statistics (t-tests, ANOVA, linear regression). Findings significant at p <.05 are interpreted as statistically significant; findings falling between p=.05 and p=.10 are interpreted as showing trends.  Results: Findings revealed differences in eating and activity practices between Filipinos and Blacks or Hispanics. Blacks and Hispanics did not differ in incidence of overweight; those who were found to be overweight, as measured by Body Mass Index, were associated with elevated blood pressure. Self-esteem (SE) correlated inversely with weight; however, the SE factor did not differ by ethnicity. Mothers/children's weight inversely correlated with activity level. Overweight mothers tend to have overweight children. Conclusion: The development of overweight/obesity in childhood reflects the interplay between personal, psychosocial, and environmental factors. Study findings may raise public awareness of the myriad health risks associated with overweight/obesity, and provide a database for nurse practitioners and other health service providers for the development of culturally sensitive focused public health education programs.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleFamily Eating and Activity Habits among Blacks, Hispanics, and Filipinos: Implications for Overweight and Obesity Preventionen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152942-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Family Eating and Activity Habits among Blacks, Hispanics, and Filipinos: Implications for Overweight and Obesity Prevention</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Porter, Luz S., PhD, MSN, BSN, ARNP, FAAN, FAANP</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Florida International University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">luzporter@bellsouth.net</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Marjorie Guillespie-Johnson, PhD, ARNP; Carmen Gali, BSN; Angelica Mercado, BSN; Margarita Ticona, BSN, RN; Sheree Mundy, MSN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">21st INRC [Research Presentation] Purpose: This descriptive study sought to determine the relationship between family eating and activity habits and children's weights; the relationship between mothers/children's weight and self-esteem; and whether&nbsp; the weight factor affects mothers/children's blood pressure. Overweight and obesity among children and adults is well-documented as an escalating problem. Concern about this rise centers on the link between obesity and increased health risks that translate into increased medical care and costs. Findings of earlier studies point to the interplay between personal attributes, psychosocial, and environmental factors in development of overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence. Methods: The study was conducted on a sample of 90 mother-child dyads, comprised of 42% Black, 36% Hispanic, and 22% Filipinos aged 7 to 55 years.&nbsp; The data, collected via self-administered questionnaires and guided interview (Family Eating and Activity Habits Questionnaire, Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale, Background Information Questionnaire), were analyzed via descriptive and inferential statistics (t-tests, ANOVA, linear regression). Findings significant at p &lt;.05 are interpreted as statistically significant; findings falling between p=.05 and p=.10 are interpreted as showing trends.&nbsp; Results: Findings revealed differences in eating and activity practices between Filipinos and Blacks or Hispanics. Blacks and Hispanics did not differ in incidence of overweight; those who were found to be overweight, as measured by Body Mass Index, were associated with elevated blood pressure. Self-esteem (SE) correlated inversely with weight; however, the SE factor did not differ by ethnicity. Mothers/children's weight inversely correlated with activity level. Overweight mothers tend to have overweight children. Conclusion: The&nbsp;development of overweight/obesity in childhood reflects the interplay between personal, psychosocial, and environmental factors. Study findings may raise public awareness of the myriad health risks associated with overweight/obesity, and provide a database for nurse practitioners and other health service providers for the development of culturally sensitive focused public health education programs.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:56:01Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:56:01Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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