The Effect of Maternal Betel Quid Exposure during Pregnancy on Adverse Birth Outcomes among Aborigines in Taiwan

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152962
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Effect of Maternal Betel Quid Exposure during Pregnancy on Adverse Birth Outcomes among Aborigines in Taiwan
Abstract:
The Effect of Maternal Betel Quid Exposure during Pregnancy on Adverse Birth Outcomes among Aborigines in Taiwan
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2010
Author:Yang, Mei-Sang, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Kaohsiung Medical University
Title:Professor
21st INRC [Research Presentation] Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the significance of betel quid chewing, together with the use of cigarettes or alcohol, either independently or combined, on birth-related outcomes. Methods: A total of 1264 aboriginal women who had just given birth in 10 hospitals in Southern and Eastern Taiwan were recruited. Information on their maternal and newborn characteristics was obtained from medical charts and by performing personal interviews using a validated questionnaire. Results: Maternal areca nut chewing during pregnancy was found to be significantly associated with both birth weight loss (?89.54 g) and birth length reduction (?0.43 cm). A significantly lower male newborn rate (aOR = 0.62) was observed among aboriginal women with a habit of betel quid chewing during pregnancy. The use of this substance conveyed a 2.40- and 3.67-fold independent risk of low birth weight and full-term low birth weight, respectively. An enhanced risk (aOR = 3.26û5.99) of low birth weight was observed among women concomitantly using betel quid, cigarette and alcohol during gestation. Conclusion: Betel quid chewing during pregnancy has a substantial effect on a number of birth outcomes, including sex ratio at birth, lower birth weight and reduced birth length.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Effect of Maternal Betel Quid Exposure during Pregnancy on Adverse Birth Outcomes among Aborigines in Taiwanen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152962-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">The Effect of Maternal Betel Quid Exposure during Pregnancy on Adverse Birth Outcomes among Aborigines in Taiwan</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Yang, Mei-Sang, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Kaohsiung Medical University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">msyang@kmu.edu.tw</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">21st INRC [Research Presentation] Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the significance of betel quid chewing, together with the use of cigarettes or alcohol, either independently or combined, on birth-related outcomes. Methods: A total of 1264 aboriginal women who had just given birth in 10 hospitals in Southern and Eastern Taiwan were recruited. Information on their maternal and newborn characteristics was obtained from medical charts and by performing personal interviews using a validated questionnaire. Results: Maternal areca nut chewing during pregnancy was found to be significantly associated with both birth weight loss (?89.54 g) and birth length reduction (?0.43 cm). A significantly lower male newborn rate (aOR = 0.62) was observed among aboriginal women with a habit of betel quid chewing during pregnancy. The use of this substance conveyed a 2.40- and 3.67-fold independent risk of low birth weight and full-term low birth weight, respectively. An enhanced risk (aOR = 3.26&ucirc;5.99) of low birth weight was observed among women concomitantly using betel quid, cigarette and alcohol during gestation. Conclusion: Betel quid chewing during pregnancy has a substantial effect on a number of birth outcomes, including sex ratio at birth, lower birth weight and reduced birth length.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:56:51Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:56:51Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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