Explore Perceptions of Smoking Initiation Among Highly Susceptible Precontemplators in Urban Low Income Communities

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/152978
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Explore Perceptions of Smoking Initiation Among Highly Susceptible Precontemplators in Urban Low Income Communities
Abstract:
Explore Perceptions of Smoking Initiation Among Highly Susceptible Precontemplators in Urban Low Income Communities
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2011
Author:Chen, Huey-Shys, PhD, RN, CHES
P.I. Institution Name:University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey
Title:Associate Professor
Co-Authors:Melanie Percy PhD, RN, FAAN, Associate Professor
[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Research Presentation] Purpose: To describe highly susceptible African American children's perceptions and attitudes towards beginning smoking at the precontemplation stage; to determine effective strategies to keep highly susceptible precontemplators smoke free. Methods: African-American children, (ages 9-11 years) from an urban, low-income, after-school program were recruited for this study. A screening tool was used to identify children who had never smoked, but had at least one risk factor for smoking initiation. A convenience sample of 70 children were invited to join the study. Focus groups were used to understand the meaning of smoking, and how those meanings influence smoking behaviors. Interviews were audiotaped and transcribed. A content analysis was conducted to identify and organize the themes. Results: Three themes were identified: 1) reasons for smoking; 2) why it's hard not to smoke, and 3) ways to avoid smoking. Children from the study identified reasons that that high-risk precontemplators to begin smoking; such as having smokers in the family, peer pressure, "fitting in", needing an increase in energy, being "stressed out", "being cool, like an adult". Participants also identified important reasons not to smoke, these included smoking can cause: death, health problems, addiction, negative effects on others, and bad impressions about people who smoke. Some of the most useful interventions to prevent children from smoking were regular exercise, stress reduction, and smoking prevention interventions. Conclusion: 
These findings suggest that the contents of smoking prevention programs with highly susceptible African American school aged children should focus on: 1) increasing the children's self-efficacy and ability to resist social influences that encourage smoking ; 2) enhancing decision making ability; 3) emphasizing the health consequences of smoking and the benefits of resisting smoking; and 4) teaching effective stress management skills.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleExplore Perceptions of Smoking Initiation Among Highly Susceptible Precontemplators in Urban Low Income Communitiesen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/152978-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Explore Perceptions of Smoking Initiation Among Highly Susceptible Precontemplators in Urban Low Income Communities</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2011</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Chen, Huey-Shys, PhD, RN, CHES</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">chenhu@umdnj.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Melanie Percy PhD, RN, FAAN, Associate Professor</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Research Presentation] Purpose: To describe highly susceptible African American children's perceptions and attitudes towards beginning smoking at the precontemplation stage; to determine effective strategies to keep highly susceptible precontemplators smoke free. Methods: African-American children, (ages 9-11 years) from an urban, low-income, after-school program were recruited for this study. A screening tool was used to identify children who had never smoked, but had at least one risk factor for smoking initiation. A convenience sample of 70 children were invited to join the study. Focus groups were used to understand the meaning of smoking, and how those meanings influence smoking behaviors. Interviews were audiotaped and transcribed. A content analysis was conducted to identify and organize the themes. Results: Three themes were identified: 1) reasons for smoking; 2) why it's hard not to smoke, and 3) ways to avoid smoking. Children from the study identified reasons that that high-risk precontemplators to begin smoking; such as having smokers in the family, peer pressure, &quot;fitting in&quot;, needing an increase in energy, being &quot;stressed out&quot;, &quot;being cool, like an adult&quot;. Participants also identified important reasons not to smoke, these included smoking can cause: death, health problems, addiction, negative effects on others, and bad impressions about people who smoke. Some of the most useful interventions to prevent children from smoking were regular exercise, stress reduction, and smoking prevention interventions. Conclusion:&nbsp; <br/>These findings suggest that the contents of smoking prevention programs with highly susceptible African American school aged children should focus on: 1) increasing the children's self-efficacy and ability to resist social influences that encourage smoking ; 2) enhancing decision making ability; 3) emphasizing the health consequences of smoking and the benefits of resisting smoking; and 4) teaching effective stress management skills.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:57:30Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:57:30Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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