Influence of Life-Style, Health Behavior, and Health Indices on the Health Status of Underserved Adults

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/153006
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Influence of Life-Style, Health Behavior, and Health Indices on the Health Status of Underserved Adults
Abstract:
Influence of Life-Style, Health Behavior, and Health Indices on the Health Status of Underserved Adults
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2011
Author:Kessler, Theresa A., PhD, RN, ACNS-BC
P.I. Institution Name:Valparaiso University
Title:Associate Professor
Co-Authors:Elise M. Alverson MSN, RN, FNP-BC, Adjunct Assistant Professor
[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Research Presentation] Purpose: How a person manages day to day life can be reflected in overall health status. Guided by Bruhn?s framework (1988), life-style and health behaviors include actions and/or inactions that directly or indirectly affect health status outcomes. The purpose was to examine how life-style, health behavior, and health indices predict health status in underserved adults.
Methods: A convenience sample of 84 underserved adults was recruited from a nurse managed center. Data were collected using an investigator developed questionnaire to measure life-style (hours of sleep and smoking), health behavior (number of prescription medications), and health indices (number of diagnosed medical conditions, BMI, and number of current symptoms). Health status was measured by the SF-12 Health Survey which included general (SF-1), physical (PCS), and mental (MCS) component summary scores.
Results: The sample was female (65.9%), aged 18 ? 64 years, and had an annual income < $ 25,000. For the non-smokers, the five independent variables accounted for 47.1% of the variance in SF1, (F = 9.625, df = 5, 54, p < .000), 33.5% of the variance in PCS (F = 5.140, df = 5, 51, p < .001), and 23.2% of the variance in MCS (F = 3.085, df = 5, 51, p = .017). For the smokers, the six independent variables accounted for 48.7% of the variance in SF1 (F = 3.166, df = 6, 20, p = .024), 41.7% of the variance in PCS (F = 2.383, df = 6, 20, p = .067), and 25.4% of the variance in MCS (F = 1.136, df = 6, 20, p < .378).
Conclusion: The findings provide partial theoretical support for the impact life-style and health behaviors have on health status. Focusing interventions on improving multiple behaviors at the same time appears to have the greatest potential impact on health status outcomes.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleInfluence of Life-Style, Health Behavior, and Health Indices on the Health Status of Underserved Adultsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/153006-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Influence of Life-Style, Health Behavior, and Health Indices on the Health Status of Underserved Adults</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2011</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Kessler, Theresa A., PhD, RN, ACNS-BC</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Valparaiso University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">terry.kessler@valpo.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Elise M. Alverson MSN, RN, FNP-BC, Adjunct Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Research Presentation] Purpose: How a person manages day to day life can be reflected in overall health status. Guided by Bruhn?s framework (1988), life-style and health behaviors include actions and/or inactions that directly or indirectly affect health status outcomes. The purpose was to examine how life-style, health behavior, and health indices predict health status in underserved adults. <br/>Methods: A convenience sample of 84 underserved adults was recruited from a nurse managed center. Data were collected using an investigator developed questionnaire to measure life-style (hours of sleep and smoking), health behavior (number of prescription medications), and health indices (number of diagnosed medical conditions, BMI, and number of current symptoms). Health status was measured by the SF-12 Health Survey which included general (SF-1), physical (PCS), and mental (MCS) component summary scores. <br/>Results:&nbsp;The sample was female (65.9%), aged 18 ? 64 years, and had an annual income &lt; $ 25,000. For the non-smokers, the five independent variables accounted for 47.1% of the variance in SF1, (F = 9.625, df = 5, 54, p &lt; .000), 33.5% of the variance in PCS (F = 5.140, df = 5, 51, p &lt; .001), and 23.2% of the variance in MCS (F = 3.085, df = 5, 51, p = .017). For the smokers, the six independent variables accounted for 48.7% of the variance in&nbsp;SF1 (F = 3.166, df = 6, 20, p = .024), 41.7% of the variance in PCS (F = 2.383, df = 6, 20, p = .067), and 25.4% of the variance in MCS (F = 1.136, df = 6, 20, p &lt; .378). <br/>Conclusion: The findings provide partial theoretical support for the impact life-style and health behaviors have on health status. Focusing interventions on improving multiple behaviors at the same time appears to have the greatest potential impact on health status outcomes.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:58:39Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:58:39Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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